Journal news

An interest in orthopaedics led me to sports medicine and rehabilitation

Danae Charalambous is the first European resident in veterinary sports medicine and rehabilitation.

Categories: Journal news

People

Specialist dental vet Gerhard Putter qualified as a diplomat of the European Veterinary Dental College in 2018 and was presented with his diploma at the European Veterinary Dental Forum event in Utrecht in May. Having qualified from the University of Pretoria in 1984, he has been a member of the Australian and New Zealand College of Veterinary Scientists since 2014. He is currently working with Independent Vetcare to develop Specialist Dental Vet, a new multisite practice that will operate from Mulberry Vets in Sudbury, Byre Referrals in Peterborough and Wood Street Vet Hospital in Barnet.

Jeremy Mantell has been appointed welfare consultant to Retraining of Racehorses, British horseracing’s charity for retired racehorses. He will be responsible for assessing former racehorses deemed ‘vulnerable or unwanted’ and monitoring their progress within the charity’s vulnerable horse scheme. A past president of the British Equine Veterinary Association, Mantell was also a managing partner...

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Making the evidence base more useful

This week Vet Record launches a new column – The Evidence Base – which, over a series of eight articles, will aim to interrogate evidence-based veterinary medicine (EBVM) and examine how it could be done better and be made more relatable for those in practice.

The first column is authored by vet Rachel Dean, director of clinical research and excellence in practice for VetPartners, and doctor Carl Heneghan, director of the Centre for Evidence-based Medicine at the University of Oxford (pp 58–59).

Dean and Heneghan make the case that everyone should be involved in EBVM and they question whether the veterinary world should have its own version of the evidence-based medicine manifesto. Published in 2017, it was designed to reduce bias, wastage and error in research that informs patient care in human medicine.

The series will go on to look at elements of the manifesto from a veterinary perspective.

...
Categories: Journal news

'Shocking levels of discrimination found

By Georgina Mills

Almost 30 per cent of vet professionals have experienced or witnessed some sort of discrimination in the workplace or in a learning environment.

Findings from a BVA discrimination survey found that of the incidents that have taken place, some 43 per cent have been related to sex discrimination, 26 per cent to race and 13 per cent to pregnancy/parental leave.

Other specific examples of discrimination include that of age, disability, sexual orientation and religion.

The survey, which was carried out earlier this year and received an unprecedented 2445 responses, aimed to capture the first-hand experiences of discrimination of vets, vet nurses, students and other veterinary team members.

Alongside the discrimination survey, the association also released figures from its spring Voice of the Veterinary Profession survey this week (1551 responses), which included questions on discrimination for the first time.

The Voice survey found that victims of discrimination...

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Identifying preslaughter stress in cattle

By Suzanne Jarvis

Work by researchers in Northern Ireland has shown the potential for gathering information on animal welfare using temperature data collected regularly by farmers.

Results from the project, which were presented at the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare conference last week, showed boluses in cattle can successfully identify stress-induced hyperthermia during the preslaughter period.

The work was presented by Gareth Arnott from the Institute for Global Food Security at Queen’s University Belfast and was coauthored by Naomi Rutherford, also of the Institute for Global Food Security, and Francis Lively from the Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute.

Stress-induced hyperthermia is a common phenomenon identified in many animals. A number of different potential stressors – including transport, handling and mixing – are known to affect cattle during the preslaughter period, and these would be likely to induce this stress response.

The research team hoped to demonstrate a way of flagging...

Categories: Journal news

'Dont pick up lab mice by their tails, researchers say

Laboratory mice should no longer be picked up by hand because it causes them stress.

Instead, researchers at Newcastle University’s Institute of Neuroscience recommend using a less popular ‘tunnel handling’ technique to move them from a ‘home cage’ to an apparatus for a procedure (and vice versa).

Tunnel handling entails allowing a mouse to crawl into a small plastic tunnel (it can be clear or opaque) in which the animal is then transported – thus avoiding the need for handlers to interact directly with it.

The method has been shown in several studies from around the world to reduce anxiety in mice, yet, despite that, it is not widely used in laboratories – apparently because researchers regard it as essentially pointless to employ a less aversive approach towards an animal that is about to undergo an aversive procedure anyway.

Institute researcher Lindsay Henderson compared the technique with the standard...

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Lab mice are not 'little furry test tubes

By Josh Loeb

Laboratory animals should be viewed as patients to improve the reliability of scientific work.

That is the view of Joseph Garner, associate professor of comparative medicine at Stanford, who argues that many features of the standard lab environment make animals iller than they would otherwise be and this skews scientific outcomes.

He urged a shift away from viewing animals as ‘tools’ or ‘reagents’ towards viewing them as patients – something that would entail more ‘personalised’ care and perhaps the provision of a more natural habitat.

During his keynote speech at the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare symposium in Bruges last week, he said the sterile environment in standard laboratory facilities had led to immunosuppressed mice.

He also said that mice housed singly, as sometimes happens in laboratory conditions, had ‘about 100 times the tumour burden’ compared with their group-housed equivalents.

‘We’ve kept the environment too clean....

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Celebrating veterinary leaders

Georgina Mills discusses how the RCVS is furthering its commitment to inspiring leadership in the profession

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Owners and vets view pet obesity differently

By Georgina Mills

While vets are concerned about pet obesity, only a third of owners feel the same, new research has found.

Vets say around half of the dogs they see, 40 per cent of cats and 20 per cent of small mammals are overweight, and this tendency has increased over the past five years. In contrast, 68 per cent of owners believe their pet is exactly the right size, with almost half admitting to judging their pet’s weight by just looking at it.

The findings come from the Pet Food Manufacturers’ Association (PFMA), which released its third pet obesity report at a House of Commons event last week. The report surveyed almost 300 vets and 8000 UK households to better understand professional and owner perceptions of obesity levels and differing levels of awareness.

Owners and vets seem to have a difference of opinion on many aspects of obesity....

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Celebrating the Pride of the veterinary profession

The British Veterinary LGBT+ group took to the streets of London last weekend to celebrate Pride.

The group was one of 600 marching through central London for the annual event, which aims to raise awareness of LGBT+ issues and campaign for equality.

Following a reception at BVA HQ, members of the group marched with BVA senior vice president John Fishwick and Australian vet Bronwyn Orr, a member of the Rainbow Vets and Allies group in Australia.

BVLGBT+ president Dan Makin said: ‘It was a day of joy and celebration, as well as one of reflection. We are thankful that we are lucky enough to be able to march without persecution.’

Categories: Journal news

In brief

Vigilance for bluetongue in NI

Farmers in Northern Ireland are being encouraged to increase their vigilance for signs of bluetongue in cattle and sheep, and to follow the guidelines in place to prevent the virus spreading.

The call – from chief veterinary officer Robert Huey and the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs (DAERA) – reminds farmers of the risks associated with sourcing animals from areas of mainland Europe known to be affected with the virus, or those that are considered to be at risk.

Farmers have also been reminded that any imported animals found to be infected will be slaughtered, with no compensation and movement restrictions put in place around the farm.

Northern Ireland is officially bluetongue free and the risk status is currently low. Last year, as part of the DAERA’s routine postimport testing regimen, the disease was detected in a heifer imported from France.

DAERA’s...

Categories: Journal news

Veterinary Practices

Hamilton Specialist Referrals now offers routine appointments on Saturdays for both neurology and orthopaedic cases so that clients can book appointments six days a week, from Monday to Saturday.

Willows Veterinary Centre and Referral Service has invested more than £400,000 in a new state-of-the-art CT scanner, which will enable its team of six specialist radiologists and clinical staff to access real-time images from anywhere in the hospital building. The cutting-edge technology is believed to be the first of its kind to be used in a UK veterinary environment.

Paragon Veterinary Referrals in Wakefield, Yorkshire, which opened in February 2018, has received official recognition as a fully-accredited small animal hospital and emergency services clinic under the RCVS Practice Standards Scheme.

Southern Counties Veterinary Specialists now provides on-site housing for its interns in a newly refurbished house.

Chantry Vets is transforming a former office block in Brindley Way, Wakefield, into a...

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Making medicines pets need

CUTTING-edge monoclonal antibody technology, which has the potential to transform a wide range of treatments into veterinary therapeutic options for companion animals, is being developed.

Founded by scientists working in the human field, PetMedix initially secured £8 million Series A funding and is now looking for further investment.

With over 30 years’ experience working in monoclonal antibody technologies, the team is developing treatments using the same technology used in the human field. Chief scientific officer Allan Bradley is emeritus director of the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and a fellow of the Royal Society. He spearheaded the development of mouse transgenics and their translational use, which provided the basis for developing canine monoclonal antibody therapies.

Chief executive Tom Weaver said: ‘We have the people and the technology in place, and are champing at the bit to progress these therapies to reach the pets that could benefit. We know this technology...

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Business

Elanco Animal Health Incorporated recently announced that it is now a fully independent company, becoming the second largest exclusively dedicated animal health company in the world. Last September, Elanco listed on the New York Stock Exchange and on 11 March, Eli Lilly and Company, Elanco’s former parent company, completed the divestiture of its ownership. This completes the journey Elanco began in 2017, when Lilly first announced potential strategic alternatives for the 64-year-old animal health company.

Zoetis has moved to a new office location. Its new address is Zoetis UK, First Floor, Birchwood Building, Springfield Drive, Leatherhead, Surrey KT22 7LP.

Boehringer Ingelheim has announced that its Frontline brand was named global ‘Brand of the Year 2019-2020’, in the Animalis Edition of the World Branding Awards, which was held in Vienna on 3 July.

VetFinders is a new recruitment company for the veterinary sector. It has pledged to donate a minimum...

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Everyday ear cleaner for small animals

A new ear cleaner that offers debris removal with anti-infectious agents has been launched for use in dogs, cats and rabbits.

Omniotic can be used for regular cleaning to maintain a healthy ear canal, especially in breeds predisposed to ear disease, such as spaniels

The product features a soft, flexible tip, which makes it easy to use because it doesn’t cause discomfort even in stenosed, tender ear canals, Vita Animal Health says.

The product can also be safely used alongside ear treatments. The ability to use it in rabbits is particularly important to allow cleaning alongside topical antibacterial and antifungal agents.

Ear disease is a common presentation for dogs, cat and rabbits and cleaning to remove debris and support ear canal health is a frequent veterinary recommendation to owners.

Omniotic, which comes in 120 ml bottles, combines a trio of ingredients to remove ear wax and debris, including a...

Categories: Journal news

Webinar to explore how diet might offer a solution to pruritus in pets

Royal Canin is hosting a webinar on 23 July, which will explore pruritus, its causes and how to manage it.

Parasites, infections or allergic skin disease are all potential causes of pruritis, and require careful identification to ensure successful treatment.

The webinar ‘Pruritus – why blaming the food isn’t a solution, but changing it might be!’, will be led by veterinary dermatologist Sarah Warren (pictured). She said: ‘Many diseases that are primarily non-pruritic often become pruritic when the animal develops secondary bacterial or yeast infection. These cases require a thorough dermatological history and physical examination and successful treatment very often depends on identification of the underlying cause.

‘Providing the right nutrition should also be implemented to ensure optimal levels of nutrients required for skin repair, barrier function and health. I will be including a complete pruritus work up, discussing how diet can be part of the management of this...

Categories: Journal news

Combined coccidiosis and iron injection for piglets

Bayer has launched the first patented toltrazuril and gleptoferron combination for injection for piglets in the UK.

Baycox Iron, which contains 36 mg/ml toltrazuril plus 182 mg/ml gleptoferron, will help prevent coccidiosis and iron deficiency, two of the main conditions affecting piglets and a major concern for pig producers.

Administered in one intramuscular injection, it offers an added benefit to the farmer of reducing handling time and stress, the company says. Baycox Iron comes in 100 ml bottles and is available for farmers to purchase through their vet.

Bayer Animal Health, 400 South Oak Way, Green Park, Reading, Berkshire RG2 6AD, telephone 0118 206 3000 www.bayer.co.uk

Categories: Journal news

Chlamydia abortus the most common finding in ovine abortions in early 2019

SRUC VS disease Surveillance headlines, March 2019

  • Chlamydia abortus diagnosed in 47 per cent of ovine abortions in the first quarter of 2019

  • Q fever (Coxiella burnetii) abortion in a beef herd

  • Mulberry heart disease causing multiple deaths in growing pigs

  • Avian tuberculosis in a tawny owl (Strix aluco)

  • The mean temperature for March in Scotland was 1.1°C above the long-term average. It was a wet month, particularly in the Borders, with 131 per cent of average rainfall overall. Sunshine was 106 per cent of average and it was a very sunny month in Aberdeenshire, but duller in parts of the west and south west.

    CattleToxic conditions

    Dumfries diagnosed chronic copper toxicity in a four-year-old Jersey cow with a 24-hour history of recumbency and pallor before death.

    The carcase appeared jaundiced and a large amount of blood was found in the abomasum. This...

    Categories: Journal news

    Histophilus somni infection in cattle

    Histophilus somni (formerly Haemophilus somnus), a member of the Pasteurellaceae, is a common commensal organism in the upper respiratory tract of cattle.

    In Great Britain (GB), H somni is most commonly associated with the bovine respiratory disease complex, often along with other bacterial pathogens. The other main clinical presentations in cattle are the consequences of septicaemic localisation of H somni. These are well recognised in North America, particularly in feedlot cattle, but in GB this form of the infection is seen less frequently than respiratory manifestation.

    Although the numbers remain small, SRUC VS has seen a rise in the number of diagnoses of septicaemia in beef cattle aged between six and 20 months compared to previous years (Table 1).

    The clinical presentations of H somni septicaemia mainly relate to localisation in the brain, causing thrombotic meningoencephalitis, and the heart. The characteristic findings in the latter are...

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