Journal news

Vet care for Edinburghs stray and unwanted pets

Veterinary Record latest issue - 22 November 2019

Edinburgh Dog and Cat Home has formed a partnership with two veterinary practices to provide medical treatment for the animals in its care.

Local practices Abercorn Veterinary Clinics and Braid Vets will offer ‘exceptional medical care quickly’, the charity says. The practices say they are looking forward to having a caseload that is ‘different and challenging’.

The home has also appointed its first resident vet. Bridget O’Farrell will provide convenient access to primary medical care, including carrying out veterinary checks, vaccinations, neutering and microchipping.

Edinburgh Dog and Cat Home, 26 Seafield Road East, Edinburgh EH15 1EH www.edch.org.uk

Shelter vet Bridget O’Farrell is pictured with (left) Mark Holmes, clinical director of Braid Vets, and Victor Bates, clinical director of Abercorn Vets

Categories: Journal news

Hen hospital and welfare centre

Veterinary Record latest issue - 22 November 2019

The British Hen Welfare Trust (BHWT) has opened the first centre dedicated to helping hens, it says.

Located in Devon, the hen welfare, education and visitor centre aims to rehome ex-commercial hens, as well as carrying out pioneering research and veterinary work to increase the knowledge and expertise of birds.

The centre will also have a purpose-built hen hospital with outside space.

To date, the charity has rehomed almost 750,000 commercial hens as pets, where they become much-loved pets. The trust rehomes an average 65,000 hens each year. It works with schools and community groups to raise awareness of commercial egg production systems and the welfare needs of hens.

The charity has also rehomed chickens to a number of UK prisons. The hens help to improve prisoner’s emotional wellbeing and support their rehabilitation, the charity says. Chickens have also been homed by rehabilitation centres, schools, nurseries and care homes...

Categories: Journal news

New sedative and premedication product

Veterinary Record latest issue - 22 November 2019

DECHRA Veterinary Products has added the sedation and premedication product Sedadex to its portfolio of anaesthesia and analgesia therapies.

Sedadex, which has the active ingredient dexmedetomidine, is indicated for sedation and analgesia and for premedication before general anaesthesia in dogs and cats. It comes in a 10 ml vial and has a 56-day broached shelf life.

Claire Morgan, brand manager from Dechra, said: ‘Sedadex is a highly selective alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonist that is licensed for intravenous or intramuscular use in dogs and intramuscular injection in cats.

www.dechra.co.uk

Categories: Journal news

New look for Science Plan dog and cat range

Veterinary Record latest issue - 22 November 2019

Hill’s Pet Nutrition has redesigned its pet food packaging to make it easier for pet owners to identify the features of its diets.

The changes includes simplified, easy to understand product names – to improve readability – as well as new kibble shapes that are shown in actual size on the packaging, which is essential for smaller breeds, it says. Flavour profiles and breed sizes are clearly shown on all bags.

The product range also comes in optimised bag sizes for more convenient feeding. For example, ‘small’ and ‘miniature’ and ‘mini’ dog foods have been combined into a new ‘Small & Mini’ product for dogs under 10 kg.

More information can be found at: www.hillspet.co.uk/science-plan/new-look

Categories: Journal news

Unusual presentation of cerebrocortical necrosis in cattle in Northern Ireland

Veterinary Record latest issue - 22 November 2019

Northern Ireland disease surveillance headlines, July to September 2019

  • Lungworm infection in cattle

  • Focal symmetrical encephalomalacia in cattle

  • Unusual cerebrocortical necrosis in cattle

  • Cerebrocortical necrosis in sheep

  • Cellulitis and phlegmon in sheep

  • Gastric ulceration in pigs

  • CattleRespiratory diseases

    Respiratory disease was identified in 34 cattle postmortem submissions between July and September 2019. The most common pathogens identified included parasitic pneumonia (14 cases), Pasteurella multocida (seven cases), Mycoplasma bovis (six cases), Mannheimia haemolytica (four cases), Trueperella pyogenes (two cases) and Histophilus somni (two cases).

    Lungworm infection in cattle

    Infection with Dictyocaulus viviparus (Fig 1) was the most common cause of bovine pneumonia diagnosed during the reporting period. Secondary bacterial infection with one or more of M haemolytica, P multocida and T pyogenes was commonplace.

    One case was noteworthy for a more complex aetiology. A four-month-old calf was submitted with a...

    Categories: Journal news

    Finding factors associated with nasal shedding of Mycobacterium tuberculosis variant bovis in wild boar

    Veterinary Record latest issue - 22 November 2019

    bovine TB (bTB) is an infectious disease – caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis variant bovis – that affects several species of animals. The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies bTB as a neglected zoonotic disease, which makes control programmes essential for protecting not only animals but also people.1

    Most bTB control and eradication programmes are based on the diagnosis and slaughter of infected animals. However, the efficacy of this approach is hampered by factors such as the existence of wildlife reservoirs, which can act as a source of infection for cattle herds.2 Among the potential bTB reservoir species identified, wild boar (Sus scrofa) are important players in Mediterranean ecosystems.3 Their importance as reservoirs is also being studied in other areas of the world.

    Measures to control bTB in wildlife populations have been implemented in several countries, with the strategies used depending on knowledge of the...

    Categories: Journal news

    Nasal shedding of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in wild boar is related to generalised tuberculosis and concomitant infections

    Veterinary Record latest issue - 22 November 2019
    Background

    Wild boar is an important reservoir of Mycobacterium tuberculosis variant bovis, the main causative agent of bovine tuberculosis (bTB). A proportion of tuberculosis (TB)-affected wild boars shed M tuberculosis by nasal route, favouring the maintenance of bTB in a multihost scenario. The aim of this work was to assess if M tuberculosis nasal excretion is influenced by factors commonly associated with high TB prevalence in wild boar.

    Methods

    TB diagnosis and M tuberculosis isolation were carried out in 112 hunted wild boars from mid-western Spain. The association between the presence of M tuberculosis DNA in nasal secretions and explanatory factors was explored using partial least squares regression (PLSR) approaches.

    Results

    DNA from M tuberculosis was detected in 40.8 per cent nasal secretions of the TB-affected animals. Explanatory factors provided a first significant PLSR X’s component, explaining 25.70 per cent of the variability observed in M tuberculosis nasal shedding. The presence of M tuberculosis in nasal secretions is more probable in animals suffering from generalised TB and mainly coinfected with Metastrongylus species and porcine circovirus type 2, explaining nearly 90 per cent of the total variance of this model.

    Conclusion

    Measures aiming to control these factors could be useful to reduce M tuberculosis shedding in wild boar.

    Categories: Journal news

    Comparison of N-terminal proB-type natriuretic peptide levels at different stages of visceral leishmaniosis and in patients with chronic kidney disease

    Veterinary Record latest issue - 22 November 2019

    N-terminal proB-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) may be a useful marker in canine leishmaniosis (CanL). The aim was to compare NT-proBNP in dogs at different LeishVet stages of CanL and with idiopathic chronic kidney disease (CKD). Dogs diagnosed with CanL or CKD and a group of healthy dogs were included (group A, five normal dogs; group B, six dogs LeishVet 1–2; group C, 13 dogs LeishVet 3–4; group D, six dogs with CKD). NT-proBNP was higher (P<0.001) in group C (7.616 pmol/l, interquartile range (IQR) 3537–10,000 pmol/l) than in group A (293 pmol/l, IQR 257–373), group B (388.5 pmol/l, IQR 324–793) and group D (740 pmol/l, IQR 557–962 pmol/l). International Renal Interest Society (IRIS) kidney stage was not different between groups C and D or between groups A and B, but was different within all the rest of the group comparisons (P<0.001). In group C all dogs had echocardiographic increase in left ventricular mass index. NT-proBNP had negative correlation with haematocrit (P<0.001, r=0.749) and positive correlation with systemic blood pressure (P<0.001, r=0.728). NT-proBNP is consistently elevated in dogs with advanced CanL and is strongly correlated with the degree of systemic hypertension and anaemia. Moreover, dogs with advanced CanL exhibit increase in left ventricular mass. NT-proBNP may however be a less desirable cardiac marker as unlike cardiac troponin I it is often not elevated at earlier stages of CanL.

    Categories: Journal news

    Moral distress in veterinarians

    Veterinary Record latest issue - 22 November 2019

    Moral distress is a psychological state of anguish that has been widely studied in healthcare professionals. Experiencing moral distress can lead to problems including avoidance of patients and increased staff turnover. Moral distress in veterinarians has not yet been explored to the extent seen in the human medical field, and there is limited data regarding moral distress in veterinarians. However, it is expected to be prevalent in these professionals. So far, it has been reported that veterinarians commonly experience moral conflict, ethical challenges and ethical dilemmas during their career. These conflicts in association with other modifying factors such as personality traits can lead to the experience of moral distress. In a profession with known levels of occupational stress and reported mental health problems, exploring the area of moral distress and its effects on the professional wellbeing of veterinarians is important. Further studies such as developing a moral distress scale to measure this issue are needed in order to evaluate the incidence of this problem in veterinary professionals. Furthermore, assessing a possible relationship between moral distress, mental illness and attrition in veterinarians would be useful in developing intervention strategies to minimise the experience of moral distress and its associated negative consequences in veterinarians.

    Categories: Journal news

    Selected highlights from other journals

    Veterinary Record latest issue - 22 November 2019
    Long-term outcome in cats with lower urinary tract disease

    E. Kaul, K. Hartmann, S. Reese and others

    Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery (2019)

    doi: 10.1177/1098612X19862887

    • What did the research find?

    Of the 101 cats with lower urinary tract disease (LUTD) included in the study, 86 received a definitive diagnosis – 52 were diagnosed with feline idiopathic cystitis, 21 with urolithiasis and 13 with bacterial urinary tract infection. The overall recurrence rate of LUTD was 58.1 per cent, with no significant differences between diagnoses. Within a median observation period of 38 months, 21 cats had one recurrence of LUTD, 12 had two, 10 had three and seven had between four and eight. Diagnoses differed between occurrences for 14 cats. Overall, mortality due to LUTD was 5 per cent.

    • How was it conducted?

    Data on diagnoses, recurrence of clinical signs and disease-free intervals were collected for cats presenting...

    Categories: Journal news

    TB testing: the pursuit of perfection

    Veterinary Record latest issue - 22 November 2019

    Professor Godfray noted that tuberculin is notoriously hard to quality control. Yet focus is often that TB surveillance depends on a high degree of human interaction. Vets, TB testing more than 130,000 cattle each week, through over 2500 farm visits, need a highly consistent approach to ensure full confidence in the results.

    XL Farmcare UK’s team of auditors have undertaken over 3000 audits since June 2015. Initially, all practising vets were visited on both days of the TB test. Planned visits were an opportunity to re-set any misunderstandings and to introduce new steps, including disinfection on arrival – a demonstrable commitment to farm biosecurity. For concerns or complaints, audits have always been targeted and unannounced. XL Farmcare now plans activity according to ranking of risk. Data on disclosure and throughput rate are monitored, along with compliance with test procedures, including those needed back at the practice.

    During the first...

    Categories: Journal news

    Rafoxanide is not an appropriate alternative to closantel

    Veterinary Record latest issue - 22 November 2019

    Liver fluke is shaping up to be a significant challenge this winter. With a limited number of different flukicides available and reports of resistance to triclabendazole (TCBZ) increasing every year,1 treatment choice, in conjunction with the use of diagnostic tests, is extremely important to successful and sustainable control.

    The SCOPS (Sustainable Control of Parasites in Sheep) and COWS (Control of Cattle Parasites Sustainably) groups are concerned that there is some confusion regarding two veterinary medicines that are not currently authorised in the UK, but which have been imported from the Republic of Ireland, under a Special Import Certificate from the Veterinary Medicines Directorate, for use on some UK farms.

    These veterinary medicines both contain the active substance rafoxanide and we are aware that there is some confusion, especially around the use of rafoxanide as an alternative to closantel on farms, where triclabendazole resistance is proven. We would...

    Categories: Journal news

    What have our importers agreed to?

    Veterinary Record latest issue - 22 November 2019

    I was surprised to read the article on the new supplementary guidance for official veterinary certification (VR, 2 November 2019, vol 185, p 521).

    Nowhere does it mention that this new guidance has been agreed by importing countries, particularly the EU, which has strict requirements for veterinary certification based on the 12 principles of certification, which were adopted by the Federation of Veterinarians of Europe (FVE), after consultation with the RCVS, the BVA and Defra.

    When I was head of the unit in the European Commission’s Food and Veterinary Office responsible for imports of animals and animal products, I would not have approved the arrangements described for import into the EU.

    Have these arrangements been agreed with the commission?

    Categories: Journal news

    The professions responsibility towards the environment

    Veterinary Record latest issue - 22 November 2019

    Extinction Rebellion (XR) and Greta Thunberg are creating a stir and we would have thought that the veterinary profession would be particularly interested in the recent XR, and related campaigns, which highlight the terrifying figures regarding the effects of environmental change on animals.

    It is clear that individual veterinarians do feel a level of responsibility to the cause; however, there is a deafening silence from the RCVS and almost complete silence from the BVA. The BVA has urged all political parties to adopt 10 policies in the run-up to the general election.1 Those policies are all very well; however, they do not reflect any of the XR concerns. Climate change and related issues, for example, the importance of living and practising more sustainably, do feature in the BVA-endorsed ‘One Health’ concept (concerns reflected in the BVA’s excellent session on ‘Costing the earth’ at the 2019 London Vet...

    Categories: Journal news

    Raw feeding and medical science

    Veterinary Record latest issue - 22 November 2019

    I am writing in response to Conor O’Halloran’s letter ‘Feeding cats raw mice’ (VR, 19 October 2019, vol 185, p 484).

    I fully agree with O’Halloran, that owners who adopt a raw diet for their pet do so because they are engaged with the health of their animal and are extremely keen to ensure that they are providing the most nutritious diet available to their pet.

    However, O’Halloran goes on to say that, ‘By definition, therefore, they are very receptive to input from veterinary professionals.’ This conclusion contradicts the evidence. Surveys looking at owners who adopt a raw food diet for their pets (and other unconventional diets) show that they tend to have a lower regard for veterinary advice than other owners.1-4

    The reason for this appears to be that the choice of raw feeding for many is largely driven by their world view. Although...

    Categories: Journal news

    Death notices

    Veterinary Record latest issue - 22 November 2019

    Gibson On 20 October 2019, Cameron David Rodger Gibson, BVMS, MRCVS, of Callander, Perthshire. Mr Gibson qualified from Glasgow in 2018.

    doi: 10.1136/vr.l6586

    House On 11 November 2019, Christopher House, BVetMed, MRCVS, of Ingatestone, Essex. Mr House qualified from London in 1978.

    doi: 10.1136/vr.l6587

    Categories: Journal news

    Correction: Remote consults good for pets and vets

    Veterinary Record latest issue - 22 November 2019

    Business & Innovation: Remote consults good for pets and vets (VR, 26 October 2019, vol 186, p 500). The claim that video calls with vets can give the same results as face-to-face consultations provided in a press release and published in business and innovation was incorrect.

    Vet-AI has since clarified that in its remote diagnosis trial of canine dermatology conditions ‘no significant evidence was found that any of the dermatology specialists were measurably compromised in their ability to accurately diagnose common dermatology conditions by being remote from the patient’. The company’s cofounder, Sarah Warren, said: ‘While most veterinary experts would agree that not all diagnoses can be done online, things like dermatological issues are aligned to remote consultation because they’re visual, so we can gain a wealth of information from images and distribution maps and easily recommend treatments.’ The error is regretted.

    Categories: Journal news

    Real data transforming the real world

    Veterinary Record latest issue - 22 November 2019

    This month Rachel Dean says using all sorts of data can support innovation and safety.

    Categories: Journal news

    'I became a European specialist five years after qualifying as a vet

    Veterinary Record latest issue - 15 November 2019

    Nicki Grint heads the anaesthesia division of a private referral practice in Somerset. Here she describes her rapid route to specialisation.

    Categories: Journal news

    New fellows join the Academy of Medical Sciences

    Veterinary Record latest issue - 15 November 2019

    Vets Sarah Cleaveland and Lord Sandy Trees have been elected fellows of the Academy of Medical Sciences.

    Categories: Journal news
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