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Scottish beavers to be protected

7 March 2019

Georgina Mills discusses a new Scottish law that will protect the country’s population of Eurasian beavers

Categories: Journal news

Developing a test for equine flu

7 March 2019

A simple dipstick test – involving taking a nasal swab – could be used to identify equine flu.

Iceni Diagnostics has gained a patent for its approach to detecting and distinguishing between human and avian flu. The company considers that a slight modification could provide a rapid non-invasive test for horses.

According to scientists, 90 per cent of infections use carbohydrate recognition to bind with targets in human or animal bodies. As the mechanism is specific to each particular strain of flu, it can be used to form a sensor for the disease.

Robert Field, a project leader at bioscience institute the John Innes Centre and an expert in carbohydrate chemistry said: ‘Our sensor uses sugars tagged with inexpensive gold nanoparticles; if the virus is present it will stick to the particles, pulling them closer together. This creates a photophysics reaction and the sample changes colour’.

According to the...

Categories: Journal news

Grubs up for pets

7 March 2019

A dog food alternative to meat or fish is now available.

Kibble food Yora contains ‘highly nutritious insects’ combined with British grown oats, potato and plants, and looks and tastes just like regular food, the company says. Kale, seaweed and chicory are added for their anti-inflammatory properties and to help improve digestion.

Environmental experts propose insects as a food source as they are ‘packed with essential proteins, fats, minerals and amino acids, as well as being easier to digest than chicken’– ideal for pets with sensitive stomachs.

The insects, which feed on recycled vegetable matter and reach full size in 14 days, are reared in a new, £18 million facility in Holland. Compared to beef farming, insects use just 2 per cent of the land and 4 per cent of the water to produce each kilogram of protein, which means they generate 96 per cent less greenhouse emissions.

Tom...

Categories: Journal news

Business

7 March 2019

Sativa Investments, the UK’s first medicinal cannabis investment vehicle, has appointed vet Nick Horniman as its director of regulatory affairs to coordinate its regulatory strategy and ongoing relationships with regulators. He will implement Sativa’s licensing strategy through the relevant UK agencies and research centres, and work with the Veterinary Medicines Directorate to explore the use of cannabis-based products for treatment of animals, in particular the dog and cat pet market and the equine industry.

Boehringer Ingelheim and GNA Biosolutions have announced that they have entered into a research collaboration focused on the development of a rapid diagnostic test for African swine fever. The test would be used in combination with GNA’s portable molecular diagnostic platform. Financial details of the agreement have not been disclosed.

Recently released figures confirm that Bovela – Boehringer Ingelheim’s live, one-shot bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) vaccine – was the UK’s market leading BVD vaccine in...

Categories: Journal news

Tudder: Tinder for cows

7 March 2019

A matchmaking app has been launched for farm animals. Called Tudder, the swipe-based app can help farmers identify breeding stock.

UK company Hectare Agritech developed the app to make finding and buying livestock easier.

Farmers can swipe right for yes and left for no in the search for the perfect match. Having done so, they click the eye icon to be redirected to SellMyLivestock, where they can view more pictures, get further information and contact the vendor if they decide to buy.

Valuable information is also available on matters such as milk yield and protein content, or calving potential.

Putting data at their fingertips connects farmers from all over the country to make trading easier and speed up deals, the company says.

Cattle farmer and Tudder user James Bridger said it eases transport stress for animals avoiding the need to travel to traditional markets. More than 45,000 farmers are...

Categories: Journal news

CPD launched in the Nordic region

7 March 2019

Veterinary training company Improve International has expanded its operations into the Nordic region – Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden – and announced the launch of its first independent modular training programmes and short courses. They will commence in May at IVC Group’s International Vet Academy in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Improve first entered the Nordic region in 2009 in partnership with veterinary group Evidensia and, following a positive response to its approach to training and development, has set up a dedicated operation to serve the CPD needs of vet professionals in the region. Its postgraduate certificates in small animal medicine, small animal surgery and diagnostic imaging are the first to be offered in the Nordic countries, together with a range of practical short courses.

www.improveinternational.com

Categories: Journal news

Practice news

7 March 2019

Rossdales Veterinary Surgeons has been designated ‘outstanding’ in five RCVS Practice Standards Scheme awards. Four of the awards cover team and professional responsibility, client service, in-patient and diagnostic service at its equine hospital at Exning, and the fifth award is for ‘ambulatory service’ at Rossdales Equine Practice in Newmarket.

Davies Veterinary Specialists in Hertfordshire has signed the charter for employees who are positive about mental health – a voluntary agreement that is aimed at increasing awareness of mental health in the workplace and supporting employers in recruiting and retaining staff.

CVS Group practice Raddenstiles Veterinary Surgery in Exmouth has achieved the group’s 100th RCVS Practice Standards Scheme award, leading the way among the corporate groups in the number of awards achieved.

Willows Veterinary Centre and Referral Service in Solihull, has introduced a specialist clinic for dogs and cats with epilepsy. The clinic will be led by Sebastien Behr, Willows’s...

Categories: Journal news

Mouthwash for horses

7 March 2019

A mint flavoured mouth wash has been launched to help maintain oral health in horses.

Virbac has added Hexarinse For Horses to its equine range. The ready-to-use solution contains dilute chlorhexidine gluconate and does not require reconstitution.

The antibacterial action of chlorhexidine supports the maintenance of oral health after dental procedures and may aid the management of periodontal disease, oral inflammation and the management of peripheral caries, the company says.

The rinse comes in a multiuse five-litre container.

Virbac, Woolpit Business Park, Windmill Avenue, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk IP30 9UP, telephone 01359 243243 www.virbac.com

Categories: Journal news

White muscle disease leads to deaths in housed bullocks in Northern Ireland

7 March 2019

Northern ireland disease surveillance headlines, October to December 2018

  • Adenoviral enteritis in cattle

  • White muscle disease in cattle

  • Cerebrocortical necrosis in sheep

  • Johne’s disease in sheep

  • Exertional myopathy in deer

  • CattleRespiratory diseases

    Respiratory disease was identified in 86 cattle postmortem submissions between October and December 2018. The most common pathogens identified included Mycoplasma bovis (21 cases), Dictyocaulus viviparus (14 cases), Mannheimia haemolytica (14 cases), Pasteurella multocida (12 cases), respiratory syncytial virus (10 cases) and Trueperella pyogenes (nine cases).

    Pulmonary thromboembolism was diagnosed on postmortem examination of a 10-year-old dairy cow that had died following respiratory signs. Phlebitis of the left milk vein was detected with localised cellulitis, skin ulceration and spread to the lungs of thrombi containing bacterial organisms. T pyogenes was recovered from the lesions.

    Parasitic pneumonia (husk)

    Parasitic pneumonia due to D viviparus was diagnosed in a group of calves being...

    Categories: Journal news

    Medicinal plants - an underestimated option to treat gastrointestinal diseases in pigs?

    7 March 2019

    For hundreds of years, medicinal plants have been used to treat both people and animals.1,2 They can be used to support the immune system, relieve clinical signs or aid healing. However, the use of medicinal plants is often based on traditional knowledge, and the active components of these plants and the pharmacological basis of their actions are often not well characterised.

    Clinical trials are useful to characterise a medicinal plant, demonstrate its efficacy and determine whether it can be used safely, but performing such studies is challenging due to the difficulty in achieving uniform plant preparations.3 Despite these challenges, an increasing number of clinical trials have been performed to assess the potential of medicinal plants to be used in human medicine. However, such studies are currently lacking in veterinary medicine.

    Much research is currently focused on finding alternatives to antibiotics in animal production...

    Categories: Journal news

    Placebo-controlled study on the effects of oral administration of Allium sativum L in postweaning piglets

    7 March 2019

    Postweaning diarrhoea (PWD) due to Escherichia coli is an economically important disease in pig production. In this placebo-controlled study performed in Switzerland, the effects of oral supplementation of Allium sativum L. (garlic, AS) on performance (bodyweight (BW) and daily weight gain (DWG)) and health (body condition and clinical score) were investigated in postweaning piglets. Piglets (n=600) were randomly assigned to the treatment groups (placebo, AS or colistin) and observed from birth until three weeks postweaning. The treatments were administered for the first two weeks postweaning. Faecal dry matter (FDM) and coliform bacteria on pen level were measured weekly. Data were analysed using generalised mixed-effect models in R. BW and DWG of the AS group were significantly higher compared with placebo in the third week postweaning. No differences in body condition and FDM were observed. The clinical score of AS-treated animals was significantly better compared with the colistin group. About 33 per cent of the piglets of the AS and the placebo group had to be treated with antibiotics due to the occurrence of severe PWD. The major finding of this study showed that AS supplementation increased growth performance and improved clinical health, but did not reduce the incidence and severity of PWD.

    Categories: Journal news

    Incidence of anti-Der f 2 and anti-Zen 1-specific immunoglobulin E antibodies in atopic dogs from South-East England

    7 March 2019

    Recent studies from North America and continental Europe have reported Zen 1 as a major allergen in atopic dogs, and Der f 2 as a minor allergen. In contrast, Der f 2 is considered a major allergen in Japan. In this study, allergen-specific IgE against Der f 2, Zen 1 and crude Dermatophagoides farinae (DF) was determined using ELISA assays in English atopic dogs. Serum samples were obtained from 59 dogs with non-seasonal atopic dermatitis. ELISA assays using horseradish peroxidase-labelled anti-dog IgE monoclonal antibody (Bethyl; A40-125P) and recombinant Der f 2 (Zenoaq), natural Zen 1 (Zenoaq) and DF extract (Greer Laboratories; North Carolina) were performed by Zenoaq, Fukushima, Japan. The mean optical density (OD) of each sample was determined and the cut-off value was calculated from OD readings obtained from four healthy control dogs. Der f 2, Zen 1 and DF-specific IgE antibodies were found in the serum samples taken from 57 (97 per cent), 45 (76 per cent) and 47 (80 per cent) atopic dogs, respectively, suggesting that both Zen 1 and Der f 2 are ‘major allergens’ in the South-East England.

    Categories: Journal news

    Detection and localisation of unilateral hindlimb pathologies in cattle using the cow pedogram

    7 March 2019

    Limb pathologies are a major concern in cattle welfare. Visual assessment of the gait pattern is the standard technique for limb pathologies detection.1 2 Shortened weight-bearing combined with prolonged swing-phase durations are typical of lameness caused by pathologies located in the digits. Stiff swing phase indicates a lameness caused by a pathology located in the proximal limb, as pain may result from muscle contraction and joint flexion.3 The following steps include the clinical localisation of limb pathologies: (1) adspection of a cow while standing and walking; (2) clinical examination of the hoof including the use of hoof pincers; (3) manipulation of the affected limb using flexion tests; (4) palpation of the affected limb; (5) and diagnostic local analgesia or temporary claw block fixation.4

    Detection of slightly lame cows and non-lame cows with limb pathologies and those with early limb pathologies is most...

    Categories: Journal news

    It would be wrong to say everythings gone smoothly, but I love what I do now

    28 February 2019

    Vet nurse Jane Davidson teaches clinical skills – it’s a job she loves. She is also an award winning blogger and vlogger, and is passionate about veterinary nursing.

    Categories: Journal news

    Practice management

    28 February 2019

    Five practice managers have been awarded the Veterinary Management Group’s (VMG’s) certificate in veterinary practice management (CVPM). The successful candidates are:

  • Sally Courtney CVPM, Vets4Pets, Northampton

  • Michelle (Mimi) Machin RVN, CVPM, the Bredy Veterinary Centre in Bridport

  • Gemma Taylor RVN, CVPM, Abbeymoor Veterinary Centres in Sheffield

  • Emma Hollingworth RVN, CVPM, The Park Vet Group in Cardiff

  • Sarah Lewis CVPM, Rhyd Broughton Veterinary Group, Wrexham

  • The CVPM provides a benchmark for veterinary employers seeking veterinary management expertise and covers six core areas – strategic management, general management, personnel, communications, financial planning and marketing.

    Achieving the certificate involves submitting a written 3000-word report and taking an examination, which includes giving a 10-minute presentation on a subject supplied by the examining board, a 15-minute discussion of the candidate’s submitted report and two further 30-minute oral examinations on related topics.

    CVPM certificates were presented...

    Categories: Journal news

    RVC takes top spot in vet school rankings

    28 February 2019

    By Georgina Mills

    The Royal Veterinary College (RVC) has been ranked as the world’s top vet school in the QS World University Rankings 2019.

    It is the first time a UK vet school has come first, although the RVC has been ranked as one of the world’s top three vet schools for the past four years.

    In second position was the University of California, Davis, while Utrecht University, in the Netherlands, was third.

    Three other UK vet schools were ranked in the top 10. Cambridge was in fourth position, Edinburgh in sixth and Liverpool in ninth (the UK vet school rankings are shown in the table).

    This year’s QS rankings, which were published this week, feature 1222 institutions from 153 locations ranked across 48 subjects. For veterinary science, 401 institutions from across the globe were eligible for the top 50 list.

    The rankings are determined by a range of...

    Categories: Journal news

    Hands up who wants voting in public

    28 February 2019

    ‘It’s not enough to say that new technology exists so therefore we must adopt it, you should have good reasons for doing so.’

    That advice came not from a latter-day Luddite but from the head of a technology start-up company discussing telemedicine at the Society of Practising Veterinary Surgeons conference in January.

    Her point was that decisions to move from an established way of working to a new one should be taken with care. The new should be favoured over the old only in cases where it is superior. Its essential ‘newness’ should not, in and of itself, be a factor.

    That’s something members of RCVS council may wish to consider when they come to vote next week on plans to adopt a new system for taking important democratic decisions (see also VR, 26 January 2019, vol 184, p 111).

    Traditionally, votes at council meetings have been conducted via...

    Categories: Journal news

    No-deal Brexit will change cascade process

    28 February 2019

    By Josh Loeb

    A no-deal Brexit would lead to changes to the prescribing cascade, with vets no longer being required to automatically favour medicines from the EU.

    The change could potentially make matters simpler in cases where particular veterinary medicinal products are unavailable, such as with the recent shortage of isoflurane.

    Under the current system, importation of veterinary medicines from non-EU countries takes place outside of the confines of the cascade, the system designed to help vets understand how to legally select medicines.

    This option can therefore only be called upon once all the cascade options have been exhausted – something that has caused some confusion in the past.

    In a no-deal Brexit scenario, vets would be given more freedom to choose to use veterinary medicines imported into the UK from ‘third countries’

    In a no-deal Brexit scenario, vets would be given more freedom to choose to use...

    Categories: Journal news

    News section PDF

    28 February 2019
    Categories: Journal news

    'Stockpiling of medicines not necessary

    28 February 2019

    By Josh Loeb

    ‘Don’t panic.’

    That is the message from manufacturers of medicines and other veterinary products in the run up to Brexit.

    The advice comes amid reports that, believing there could be shortages, some practices are building up their own bespoke stockpiles.

    Prophesies of shortages could become self-fulfilling

    Vet Record has been told there is concern among some in the industry about early negative side effects if individual vets who believe there may be Brexit-related disruption put in orders for much more stock than they would normally buy. The fear is that prophesies of shortages could become self-fulfilling if this continues.

    Some practices are understood to have ordered six weeks’ worth of stock where normally they would order only a month’s worth, piling unexpected pressure on the supply chain.

    Last week Alan White, group commercial director of MWI Animal Health UK – a veterinary products supplier –...

    Categories: Journal news