Veterinary Record latest issue

Syndicate content Veterinary Record
Veterinary Record rss feed
Updated: 50 sec ago

Should irresponsible pet owners be banned?

11 April 2019

By Josh Loeb

It should be made harder for people to acquire pets, senior vets have said.

The vets, all panelists at a British Small Animal Veterinary Association congress talk, expressed tentative support for the idea of an overarching licensing or registration system to keep tabs on pet owners.

Scotland’s chief vet Sheila Voas said she favoured a licensing system for all pet owners – but she also expressed doubts about whether the idea would be politically saleable.

Asked in a question and answer session whether she thought some people should be ‘simply banned’ from owning animals, Voas replied: ‘I’m not so sure about banning people, but we could make it harder for people to get animals. It’s ridiculous how easy it is.’

She added: ‘People who have no experience whatsoever can simply go out and buy a horse and bring it home.

‘My personal view, and it is...

Categories: Journal news

Pre-purchase consultations are to be encouraged

11 April 2019

The BVA, the Animal Welfare Foundation and the RSPCA are urging companion animal vets to promote pre-purchase consultations to encourage responsible puppy buying decisions and discuss The Puppy Contract.

The call comes as figures from the latest BVA Voice of the Veterinary Profession surveys, released during National Pet Month (1 April-6 May), show that while awareness of The Puppy Contract among companion animal vets has almost doubled since 2015 (from 29 per cent to 56 per cent), most vets claim that none or only a very small number of their clients who have recently bought puppies have used the contract.

The Puppy Contract is a free, downloadable toolkit, which, once filled in, includes information regarding the puppy and owner, and a legally binding contract for sale between the breeder and owner.

BVA junior vice president Daniella Dos Santos said: ‘It’s important that we promote pre-purchase consultations to ensure prospective...

Categories: Journal news

Mixed views on animal welfare devolution

11 April 2019

By Josh Loeb

Devolution of animal welfare has provided a really important catalyst for change across the whole of the UK

Devolution of animal welfare has led to ‘challenges’ and ‘great confusion,’ a prominent vet who helped shape influential legislation believes.

Chris Laurence, who was awarded an MBE in recognition of his work on the Animal Welfare Acts of 2006, suggested Westminster had been misguided in relinquishing powers over some veterinary matters from Whitehall to the devolved administrations at Holyrood, Cardiff Bay and Stormont.

Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland now make their own laws relating to animal health and welfare – powers once mostly centralised in Westminster – and have their own chief veterinary officers.

Defra, meanwhile, oversees such matters for England but administers other policies for the UK as a whole. There is also a chief vet for the UK – currently Christine Middlemiss – who also...

Categories: Journal news

UK is granted 'listed status for animal movement

11 April 2019

The UK can continue to send meat, cheese and livestock to EU countries in any Brexit scenario after it was ‘listed’ by the bloc.

The decision means the UK will be recognised as an approved third country for exports of animal products and livestock into the EU should the UK leave the EU.

The listed status application approval is a very welcome piece of news

Consignments can therefore continue to be sent from the UK through border inspection posts in France, Belgium and the Netherlands – under any type of Brexit, even a no-deal Brexit.

The movement of equines between the UK and the EU will also now continue in a no-deal scenario. However, the agreement does not cover pet travel and the situation is still subject to change if the UK is granted a long extension and parliament continues to refuse to pass Theresa May’s deal.


Categories: Journal news

Celebrating the professions shining stars

11 April 2019

By Georgina Mills

The veterinary profession’s top talent in animal welfare were celebrated last week at Ceva’s annual awards, which took place on the eve of the British Small Animal Veterinary Association (BSAVA) congress.

The awards recognise the achievements of remarkable people from the veterinary, farming and charity industries who go beyond the call of duty to better the lives of animals around the world.

The Chris Laurence Vet of the Year for 2019 was Hannah Capon. This award, which was sponsored by Vet Record, recognises a vet who educates pet owners and demonstrates their commitment to the continued improvement of animal welfare.

Capon developed Canine Arthritis Management (CAM) to raise awareness of arthritis among dog owners and vets and to help create effective long-term management plans. The CAM website is an educational resource and source of support for both owners and vets, with the aim of relieving pain...

Categories: Journal news

Oral vaccines could be key to mass rabies dog vaccination

11 April 2019

Georgina Mills reports on new work that looks into methods of vaccinating dogs in Goa

Categories: Journal news

Faster recovery through precision surgery

11 April 2019

A high-precision surgical cutting tool is now available for surgeons.

Onemytis represents ‘a breakthrough in electrosurgery, providing unrivalled levels of precision at low temperatures, causing minimal blood loss and tissue damage and promoting faster recovery times’, the company says.

The device uses airplasma technology – passing air through a strong electromagnetic field to transform it into ionised gas that can vapourise tissue at low temperatures.

During surgery, the electrode doesn’t touch the patient, it works when it is between 1 and 2 mm away from the patient, which means the surgeon doesn’t apply any pressure when creating an incision.

Vet Julian Hoad, head of Crossways Veterinary Group in West Sussex, started using the machine last year.

He said: ‘I’ve used electrosurgery for 20 years and this is an order of magnitude better. It is more precise, more reliable and results in a much better healing surface.

‘I recently removed...

Categories: Journal news

Veterinary Products

11 April 2019

The combination ivermectin and closantel endectocide Closamectin Pour-on Solution for Cattle from Norbrook is subject to an increased withdrawal period. The product is now subject to a withdrawal period of 58 days for meat and offal; it was previously 28 days.

Nutravet has added a smaller, introductory-size pack of nutraquin+ to its range of joint support product for dogs, cats and horses. The smaller 30 packs provide a low-cost introduction for pet owners, allowing them to test the range at a lower entry point.

Bayer has launched its flea and tick collar Seresto in China where there is an enormous increase in pet ownership and growth of urban populations. Implementation of an effective counterfeit protection CapSeal is included in the launch. Each cap seal contains a unique QR-code that the pet owner can check against a database to get immediate feedback regarding the authenticity of the code and the...

Categories: Journal news


11 April 2019

The National Office for Animal Health (NOAH) board has approved the membership of Animalcare, a York-based company that offers a wide range of animal health products, such as microchips and pharmaceuticals, pet welfare products and veterinary practice equipment.

MSD has announced the completion of its acquisition of Antelliq Corporation from funds advised by BC Partners. The announcement positions the company as a global leader in animal health digital tracking, traceability and monitoring technology and complements the existing portfolio of vaccines and pharmaceuticals. Antelliq will be an operating unit within MSD Animal Health.

Categories: Journal news

Help clients understand referral

11 April 2019

Information for clients about how the process of vet referrals work is available to help primary practitioners inform and guide their clients about veterinary specialist care.

The British College of Veterinary Specialists (BCVSp), has launched the new website – – as a place to which primary practices can direct their clients if a referral is being considered.

The website aims to make it easier for animal owners to understand and become confident with the process of referral, and to search for a specialist by location and by veterinary specialism.

Categories: Journal news

Practice adopts novel recycling scheme

11 April 2019

A vet practice has found a novel way of turning waste plastic into something useful.

Staff at White Cross Vets in Gateacre near Liverpool take the large amounts of waste plastic packaging that pharmaceutical and other products arrive in and tightly pack it into plastic bottles to create reusable ‘ecobricks’. These can then be used throughout the world to make a range of structures – even small buildings or raised gardens.

The ecobrick initiative was launched by the Global Ecobrick Alliance, which describes itself as an Earth Enterprise focused on solving plastic pollution through low-tech, educational, ecobrick technology. Its website lists organisations where the ecobricks are used.

White Cross Vets is now exploring ways in which it can roll out the scheme to its 19 practices.

Vet nurse Helen Morris said: ‘In our industry almost everything comes packed in unrecyclable plastics, from small syringe packets to large delivery bags...

Categories: Journal news

BSAVA changes its governance

11 April 2019

The British Small Animal Veterinary Association (BSAVA) agreed changes to its governing structure intended to improve the operational efficiency of the organisation at its annual general meeting in Birmingham on April 7.

The changes to its articles of association will involve the transfer of responsibility for the everyday business of the BSAVA to a board consisting of a new chief executive, the current officer team and a non-executive director. Previously the organisation was run by a much larger council consisting of the officer team, standing committee chairmen, regional representatives and others, including a coordinator for the 12 geographical regions and public relations officer.

Vice president Ian Ramsey said the existing structure was no longer fit for purpose as the size and complexity of the organisation has grown over the years.

The new structure, which will allow more agility in the organisation’s decision-making and daily activities has been developed over...

Categories: Journal news

Intrauterine antibiotic for cows

11 April 2019

A new prescription-only intrauterine drug for the treatment and prevention of postparturient disorders in cows is available.

Utertab, with active ingredient tetracycline hydrochloride 2000 mg, acts directly in the target tissue, the company says. It comes in a perforated blister pack.

John Henderson, large animal product manager at Forte Healthcare, said: ‘Given the need to use appropriate first-line antibacterial drugs where possible, we are delighted to bring vets a new tetracycline pessary for the treatment of metritis and retained foetal membranes. "In-situ" therapy for these conditions has more recently been neglected in favour of injectables, but still has much to recommend it.’

Forte Healthcare, Block 3, Unit 9, CityNorth Business Campus, Stamullen, County Meath K32 D990, Ireland, telephone 0353 1 841 7666.

Categories: Journal news

Practice news

11 April 2019

Scarsdale Vets has opened a new first-opinion veterinary practice in Langley Mill, Derbyshire. Vet Yvette Rowntree and vet nurse Alex Butler will run the practice, along with vet Belen Moreno Lopez and client care advisers Joanne Bamford, Sally Cresswell and Michelle Wright. As well as caring for local pets, they will provide care for exotic pets, such as lizards, small mammals, parrots and chickens.

VetPartners has acquired LLM Farm Vets. Previously known as Lambert, Leonard and May, its main practice is in Whitchurch, Shropshire and it covers Shropshire, Staffordshire, Cheshire and North Wales. LLM also has two microsites at Eccleshall and Wrexham. In Lancashire, it operates from Broughton, near Preston, with a microsite in Clitheroe. Its newest practice in Bakewell, Derbyshire, opened in August 2018.

Categories: Journal news

Copper toxicity causes deaths of cattle and sheep in Scotland

11 April 2019

SRUC VS disease Surveillance headlines, December 2018

  • Deaths due to chronic copper toxicity in both cattle and sheep.

  • Ergotism in beef cows due to Claviceps purpurea in late cut silage.

  • Pneumonia due to respiratory syncytial virus in dairy calves.

  • Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a cause of enteritis in weaned lambs.

  • December 2018 was warm and dry with the mean temperature 1.4°C above the 1981 to 2010 long-term average. Rainfall was above average in parts of the Western Isles but 80 per cent of average across Scotland as a whole. Sunshine figures were good in the east but below average in the west.

    CattleNutritional and metabolic disorders

    A five-month-old Holstein bull calf appeared unwell one week after moving farm and died despite treatment with oral fluids, antibiotics and NSAIDs.

    The carcase was jaundiced with an orange liver, dark kidneys and evidence of haemoglobinuria. These findings...

    Categories: Journal news

    Parrot bornavirus infection: correlation with neurological signs and feather picking?

    11 April 2019

    Borna disease virus is the causative agent of Borna disease, which is characterised by nonsuppurative meningoencephalomyelitis caused by cellular immune responses against the viral antigens.1 This virus has been extensively studied because of its relevance to both human and animal health.2-4 It was the only virus known in the family Bornaviridae until 2008, when genetically diverse avian bornaviruses (ABVs) were detected in psittacine birds with proventricular dilatation disease (PDD).

    PDD is a fatal disease observed in psittacine birds and was first described as macaw wasting disease in the 1970s. Since then, PDD and PDD-like diseases have been reported in more than 80 species of birds, including non-psittacine birds such as toucans, waterfowl and canaries.5,6 PDD-affected birds show gastrointestinal signs such as undigested food in the faeces, vomiting, and weight loss and/or neurological signs such as depression, ataxia...

    Categories: Journal news

    Correlation of avian bornavirus-specific antibodies and viral ribonucleic acid shedding with neurological signs and feather-damaging behaviour in psittacine birds

    11 April 2019

    Parrot bornaviruses (PaBV) are the causative agents of proventricular dilatation disease in psittacine birds, but have also been linked to other clinical signs, including behavioural disorders and neurological signs. The aim of this study was to correlate PaBV infection in birds showing feather-damaging behaviour or neurological signs for which no other cause of disease could be identified. Psittacine birds presented to a private practice were divided into three groups: birds with neurological signs (n=28), birds showing feather-damaging behaviour (n=42) and birds presented for routine examinations (n=56). Swabs of crop and cloaca were collected and investigated for the presence of PaBV-RNA using real time RT-PCR. Additionally, serum samples were taken and examined for the presence of anti-PaBV antibodies by immunofluorescence test. PaBV infection was detected in one of the test systems in 40.5 per cent of all birds (n=126) investigated. In the clinically healthy birds (n=56), 19.6 per cent of the birds were positive in at least one of the PaBV tests, compared with 52.38 per cent of the feather-damaging (n=42) and 64.28 per cent of the neurologically diseased birds (n=28). Interestingly, the anti-PaBV antibody titres in birds with neurological signs were highest up to 1:20 480. High antibody titres (up to 1:5120) were also found in the feather-damaging group, whereas the birds of the control group, if PaBV positive, had only very low titres. Similarly, the highest viral load was found in the group of the neurologically diseased birds, followed by feather-damaging birds, whereas PaBV-positive birds in the control group demonstrated only low viral RNA shedding. A clear correlation between severity of clinical signs, amount of viral shedding and high levels of antibody titres was observed for most of the neurologically diseased birds and also for few birds with feather-damaging behaviour. For the first time, these results clearly indicate a correlation between PaBV infection and neurological signs in birds without gastrointestinal signs presented to the veterinarian in practice. It also may demonstrate a possible correlation with feather-damaging behaviour and anti-PaBV antibody presence. The antibody titre seems to represent a diagnostic tool to correlate clinical signs to PaBV as a cause.

    Categories: Journal news

    Little association between birth weight and health of preweaned dairy calves

    11 April 2019

    Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) may result in reduced birthweight and detrimental physiological alterations in neonates. This prospective cohort study was designed to assess if there exists an association between birthweight of dairy calves and incidence of bovine respiratory disease (BRD), neonatal calf diarrhoea (NCD) or mortality during the pre-weaning period. Calves (n=476) on 3 farms in South West England were weighed at birth. Farmers kept records of treatments for NCD and BRD and calves were assessed weekly using clinical scoring systems (Wisconsin Calf Health Scores, California Calf Health Scores and Faeces Scores). Missing data were present in several variables. Multiple imputation coupled with generalised estimating equations (MI-GEE analysis) was employed to analyse associations between several calf factors, including birthweight, and probability of a case of BRD or NCD. Associations between calf factors and mortality were assessed using multiple logistic regression. Associations between birthweight and disease incidence were scarce. Birthweight was associated with odds of a positive Faeces Score on one farm only in the MI-GEE analysis (O.R. 1.03, 95% C.I. 1.0005–1.05, P=0.046). Birthweight was not associated with probability of mortality. This research suggests that birthweight, and therefore IUGR, is not associated with health of pre-weaned dairy calves.

    Categories: Journal news

    Comparison of macroscopic resorption time for a self-locking device and suture material in ovarian pedicle ligation in dogs

    11 April 2019

    A resorbable self-locking device (LigaTie) was developed to enable safe and easy surgical ligation of blood vessels. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term in vivo resorption of the device to a commercially available suture of equivalent material (Maxon) following ovarian pedicle ligation. After ovariohysterectomy follow-up ultrasound examinations were performed monthly on 21 dogs ligated with the device and 22 dogs ligated with the suture material until no hyperechoic remnants, acoustic shadowing or local tissue reactions were detected. In both groups, the ovarian pedicles gradually decreased in size. Ligation material was considered macroscopically resorbed when ultrasound showed no signs of the device or suture, ovarian pedicle or tissue reaction. Macroscopic resorption had occurred without signs of complications and was complete by four months for sutures and 5.5 months for the device. The results show that resorption time in vivo for the resorbable self-locking device is mildly longer than suture of the same material and that no complications of device resorption were detected, supporting that the resorbable self-locking device is safe for in vivo use.

    Categories: Journal news

    Selected highlights from other journals

    11 April 2019
    Mapping social behaviour in cattle

    I. Freslon, B. Martínez-López, J. Belkhiria and others

    Applied Animal Behaviour Science (2019)

    doi: 10.1016/j.applanim.2019.01.006

    • What did the research find?

    The majority of the cows and calves were involved in relatively few social contacts. However, some individuals had a very high degree of interaction (predominantly cows in oestrus and male calves). Cows primarily interacted with cows of the same age, and higher parity cows were more likely to be involved in social contact than low parity cows. Male calves were significantly more likely to initiate social contact than females.

    • How was it conducted?

    Milking cows (n=170) and two mixed-sex groups of weaned calves of different ages (n=33 for both groups) were included in this study. Occurrences of sniffing, licking and rubbing the face on the genital area of another animal were recorded for three weeks in the lactating cows and for four...

    Categories: Journal news