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Vet schools

The University of Glasgow Veterinary School has been gifted £1 million by a former graduate. After graduating in 1957, Tong Fatt Cheng served in the state veterinary service in Singapore before joining the diplomatic service as Singapore’s ambassador to Japan and then the People’s Republic of China. The gift will be used to establish the McIntyre International Research Fellowships to foster international collaboration and research into farm animal diseases.

The Royal Veterinary College has announced that a £1.25 million grant from the Wolfson Foundation will support the development of its new ‘One Health’ research and teaching facility in Hertfordshire. The facility aims to inspire and promote collaboration between scientists, clinicians and external partners to equip students with the knowledge and skills required to tackle global challenges and empower them to become the One Health leaders of the future.

Categories: Journal news

Rapid access to high-resolution in-practice cytology

SYNLAB’s Veterinary Pathology Group (VPG) is offering a digital platform for faster in-practice cytology processing using high-resolution slide imaging.

The company has exclusive rights for ScopioVet scanners, which have been installed in a number of referral practices. These enable vets to send digital cytology and haematology images to a global network of leading clinical pathologists. With 24/7 access to clinical interpretation of slide samples and turnaround of results in one hour, VPG says the scanners signal a game changer for veterinary practice, providing reassurance to clients and informing treatment options through rapid access to quality diagnostics.

The ScopioVet high-resolution scanner uses computational photography that has been fully approved for cytological diagnosis by VPG pathologists as part of a robust clinical validation process.

Andrew Torrance, managing director at VPG, said: ‘We have been evaluating digital cytology platforms for some time and are delighted to have the exclusive distribution rights for...

Categories: Journal news

'Covid-19 will accelerate consolidation of vet practices, says VetPartners CEO

Although the industry has shown ‘great adaptability and resilience’ during Covid-19, VetPartners chief executive Jo Malone says there will be increased demand from practices to join larger veterinary groups as a result of the coronavirus pandemic.

She says that vet professionals have recognised that being part of a big team is helpful during unprecedented circumstances. She said: ‘We are being contacted by more and more practices who, having experienced the Covid-19 crisis, realise the value of support to keep on top of all the latest guidance and having back-up during challenging times.’

VetPartners closed a quarter of its small animal, equine, farm and mixed sites during March, April and May to consolidate resources, counter reduced staffing levels and protect employees in self isolation or those who needed to stay at home due to childcare challenges. The group’s vets, nurses and receptionists have all adapted to different ways of working...

Categories: Journal news

People

The Kennel Club has appointed Mark Beazley as its chief executive. He was previously director of operations at Cats Protection, executive director of Dogs Trust Ireland and chief executive of the Irish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. He replaces Rosemary Smart who stepped down in April after 18 years in the role.

International Cat Care has appointed Nathalie Dowgray as its veterinary spokesperson and head of the International Society of Feline Medicine. She will play a key role in furthering the charity’s strategic ambition to advance knowledge and research in feline medicine. She will also work with the charity’s cat advocacy team promoting an holistic approach to cat welfare.

Disclaimer

This section is compiled using information and images provided by manufacturers, suppliers and service providers. Inclusion of material does not imply endorsement and anyone thinking about buying or making use of any products or services...

Categories: Journal news

Vet services

Hamilton Specialist Referrals in High Wycombe has launched a new cardiology service run by Andrew Francis, a European and RCVS-recognised specialist in veterinary cardiology. Practices can refer dogs and cats for routine echocardiography, ECG analysis and full cardiac work-up.

Eastcott Referrals in Swindon has launched a specialist-led oncology department headed by Matthew Best, an RCVS-recognised specialist in small animal medicine. The department offers all chemotherapy options, alongside a comprehensive surgical service.

Cave Veterinary Specialists near West Buckland in Somerset has gained RCVS accreditation as a small animal hospital.

North Downs Specialist Referrals in Bletchingley, Surrey, has installed a £50,000 endolaser to help tackle cases of glaucoma in pets, particularly dogs.

Not-for-profit veterinary group Animal Trust has become a community interest company. Its practices provide free face-to-face consultations to patients. The group was established in 2012 and now has nine surgeries across the West Midlands, North Wales, Cheshire, Merseyside, Greater...

Categories: Journal news

Sudden deaths in multiple lambs due to lamb dysentery

SRUC VS disease Surveillance headlines, April 2020

  • Losses due to hypogammaglobulinaemia and colisepticaemia in beef calves on multiple holdings.

  • Atresia jejuni in an Aberdeen Angus calf.

  • Multiple deaths of lambs due to lamb dysentery despite prelambing vaccination of ewes.

  • Outbreak of duck viral enteritis in a flock of Muscovy ducks.

  • The mean temperature in Scotland in April was 0.9°C above the long-term average. It was the third driest April in a series from 1862 and the sunniest April in a series from 1929, with 31 per cent of average rainfall and 151 per cent of average sunshine.

    CattleGeneralised and systemic conditions

    Colisepticaemia associated with hypogammaglobulinaemia was confirmed as the cause of calf death in three beef herds in south-west Scotland. Predisposing factors for poor colostrum intakes were identified in all cases.

    In the first herd, a four-day-old shorthorn calf was found dead and...

    Categories: Journal news

    The use of animals in research: what is acceptable for publication in Vet Record?

    The use of animals in research has made an invaluable contribution to the veterinary profession. It has been critical to the development and validation of vaccines, therapeutics, surgical procedures and other approaches aimed at improving the health and welfare of our farmed and companion animals. Therefore, publishing research that involves animals fits well with Vet Record’s mission to deliver ‘high quality, relevant and engaging research, news and debate to help vets develop as professionals, progress their careers and improve animal health and welfare’.

    Vet Record’s current guidance for submitting authors is that all material published in the journal must adhere to high ethical standards concerning animal welfare. As such, we will reject manuscripts that do not follow guidance outlined in the UK Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act and European Directive 2010/63/EU on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes. However, our position regarding the use of animals for the...

    Categories: Journal news

    Detection of a novel haemoplasma species in fattening pigs with skin alterations, fever and anaemia

    Background

    In a fattening farm in Southern Germany, skin alterations (urticaria, haemorrhagic diathesis) and high fever were observed in 30% of the pigs 2 weeks after arrival. Feed intake was severely compromised in affected pigs.

    Methods

    After detailed clinical observation, blood samples from affected pigs were collected for haematological, PCR and serological investigations. In addition, pathological investigations were performed on one pig.

    Results and conclusion

    Analysis of blood parameters revealed a normocytic, normochromic anaemia. A novel porcine haemoplasma species was detected in blood samples of affected pigs and spleen sample of the necropsied pig by PCR. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rDNA showed 99% identity to a novel porcine haemoplasma (‘Candidatus (Ca.) M. haemosuis’) species which has recently been described in China. Interestingly, this is the first report of ‘Ca. M. haemosuis’ in pigs with clinical signs resembling those of Mycoplasma (M) suis and the first description of this novel haemoplasma species outside Asia. On-farm affected pigs were treated with oxytetracycline and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Clinical signs improved after implementation of treatment and optimisation of management procedures. This case might indicate that other porcine haemoplasma species than M suis can induce fever and skin alterations and may have an economic impact on affected farms.

    Categories: Journal news

    Relationship between interictal epileptiform discharges under medetomidine sedation and clinical seizures in canine idiopathic epilepsy

    Background

    Electroencephalography (EEG) is required for the diagnosis of canine idiopathic epilepsy as a highest confidence level of diagnosis by the International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force; however, EEG is seldom used and a standardised assessment method has not been reported.

    Methods

    Interictal EEG was performed under medetomidine sedation in dogs with idiopathic epilepsy and in control dogs. Epileptiform discharge (ED) frequency was compared between dogs with more severe and less severe seizures during one month before EEG and control dogs.

    Results

    All 10 dogs with more severe seizures had ED, as had 7 of 11 with less severe seizures. All epileptic dogs without ED had good long-term outcomes. ED frequency (number of ED per five minutes) was significantly higher in dogs with more severe (median, 4.5) than with less severe seizure (median, 0.46) and in the control dogs (median, 0.15). An ED frequency greater than 0.8 was considered to indicate epilepsy.

    Conclusion

    Interictal EEG in a light sleep state under medetomidine sedation had a high detection rate of ED, and ED frequency had a positive correlation with the recent severity of epileptic seizures. This allows interictal EEG recordings to be used as a simplified and objective test that may help to diagnose epilepsy and to assess the recent severity of the disease in dogs.

    Categories: Journal news

    Bacterial translocation in horses with colic and the potential association with surgical site infection: a pilot study

    Background

    Surgical site infection (SSI) is a leading cause of morbidity in horses undergoing emergency exploratory laparotomy for the treatment of acute colic. The exact mechanism by which SSI develops in these cases is unclear. This prospective observational study investigated whether bacterial translocation occurs in horses with acute colic and if there is an association between bacterial translocation and development of SSI.

    Methods

    Peripheral venous blood (PVB) and peritoneal fluid (PF) samples were collected on admission and PF samples were collected at the end of surgery from horses presenting for investigation of acute colic. Any discharge from the laparotomy incision in horses that developed SSI was also collected. All samples were submitted for bacterial culture.

    Results

    In total, 7.7 per cent of PVB samples (3/39), 11.8 per cent (4/34) of admission PF samples and 8.7 per cent (2/23) of the PF samples at surgery were culture positive. The prevalence of SSI was 10.2 per cent. No association was identified between a positive PVB or PF culture and development of a SSI or survival to hospital discharge.

    Conclusion

    Bacterial translocation can occur in some horses with acute colic. However, we were unable to identify any association between bacterial translocation and the development of SSIs following emergency exploratory laparotomy.

    Categories: Journal news

    Does traditional tibial tuberosity advancement yield similar postoperative outcomes as tibial plateau levelling osteotomy in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament disease?

    Bottom Line

  • Subjective lameness outcomes for tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) and tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) appear to be similar, but, overall, TPLO may yield improved objective lameness outcomes with a lower risk of complications than TTA. However, prospective randomised trials are needed to answer this clinical question definitively.

  • Clinical scenario

    An orthopaedic surgeon has recently joined the practice you work in, and they routinely perform traditional tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) when surgically treating dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease. You and the other vets in the practice have always performed tibial plateau levelling osteotomies (TPLO) on such cases. You wonder if a TTA yields similar postoperative outcomes to a TPLO in these patients.

    The question

    In [dogs with cranial cruciate ligament disease] does [performing a traditional tibial tuberosity advancement compared with a tibial plateau levelling osteotomy] result in [similar postoperative outcomes]?

    Search...
    Categories: Journal news

    Barbed sutures do not increase wound complications in horses

    DMT Adler, S Østergaard, E Jørgensen and others

    BMC Veterinary Research (2020) 16

    doi: 10.1186/s12917-020-02449-6

    • What did the research find?

    Wound closure was achieved six minutes faster with a knotless barbed suture (KBS) than with a conventional smooth suture (SS) (P<0.001). Minor swelling occurred 24 hours after surgery in 29 per cent of horses sutured with KBS and 33 per cent of horses sutured with SS. Cutaneous dehiscence occurred in two horses in each group. Follow-up after discharge revealed that one horse sutured with KBS and two horses sutured with SS needed veterinary attention for the treatment of wound complications.

    • How was it conducted?

    Forty-five stallions admitted for bilateral inguinal castration at the University of Copenhagen between September 2017 and May 2019 were included in the study. Twenty-four horses were sutured with SS and 21 were sutured with KBS. The time taken to close the wound, complications...

    Categories: Journal news

    Imepitoin treatment reduces stress levels in anxious dogs

    B Forster, O Engel, M Erhard and others

    Journal of Veterinary Behaviour (2020) 38, 67–73

    doi: 10.1016/j.jveb.2020.05.006

    • What did the research find?

    No difference in anxiety-related behaviour was observed between dogs receiving imepitoin and those receiving a placebo. However, serum cortisol decreased between day 0 and day 3 in the imepitoin-treated dogs (median decrease of 21.1 nmol/l) while it increased in placebo-treated dogs (median increase of 11.6 nmol/l). The change in serum cortisol between treatment days was greater in dogs with more severe anxiety (P<0.001). The owners of the imepitoin-treated dogs reported a slight improvement in anxious behaviour at home, but this difference was not statistically significant.

    • How was it conducted?

    A total of 60 dogs with generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) were enrolled in the study and underwent a behavioural test to determine the severity of their anxiety. Blood samples were also taken to measure serum cortisol...

    Categories: Journal news

    Refeeding syndrome is common in small ruminants receiving parenteral nutrition

    D Luethy, D Stefanovski, RW Sweeney

    Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2020)

    doi: 10.1111/jvim.15840

    • What did the research find?

    Eleven of the 20 animals in this study (55 per cent) developed refeeding syndrome after receiving parenteral nutrition (PN). The mean minimum serum phosphorus concentration in animals with refeeding syndrome was 1.96 ± 0.69 mg/dl. The survival rate did not differ significantly between those that developed refeeding syndrome and those that did not (P=0.09). However, mean serum phosphorus concentration was significantly lower in non-survivors (1.88 ± 0.10 mg/dl) than in survivors (4.32 ± 0.70 mg/dl) (P=0.006).

    • How was it conducted?

    The medical records for the 13 goats and seven sheep that received PN while hospitalised at a large animal hospital between 2010 and 2018 were examined. Signalment, presenting complaint, physical examination findings, serum electrolyte concentrations after initiation of PN and long-term outcomes were extracted for each animal. Univariate...

    Categories: Journal news

    Disruption to supply of Metacam, Pexion and Semintra

    Over the next few months Boehringer Ingelheim is anticipating temporary interruptions in the supply of certain Metacam oral presentations, along with Pexion and Semintra. The disruption in supply of these products is likely to be significant for veterinary practices in the UK.

    This is due to the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic. Due to the local conditions at one of our manufacturing sites, which is located in a region of the world badly affected by Covid-19, the implementation of additional safety measures at the site has become critical. These measures have resulted in a considerable reduction in the workforce and, consequently, the output at our plant has been temporarily reduced. As a result, we anticipate that it will take a few months before we resume normal supply levels.

    We anticipate that it will take a few months before we resume normal supply levels

    We sincerely apologise for this...

    Categories: Journal news

    Women as business owners

    Last year I conducted research on women veterinarians and practice ownership (VR, 27 July 2019, vol 185, pp 113-114). I am now expanding the remit of the project in my role as chief operating officer at XLVets. As a result, I am looking for female vets to share their thoughts on ownership and the wider aspects of leadership. The research will be conducted in a series of focus groups and interviews using video conferencing during early August. Both business owners and non-business owners are invited to take part.

    The previous findings identified that there are both barriers and enablers to leadership and XLVets practices have been working to ensure that the path to leadership can be opened up to more women.

    Enablers to ownership include finding the right practice – smaller practices with flexible approaches to partnership encouraged women to see that ownership was a possibility. Another enabler is...

    Categories: Journal news

    Resources for Rabbit Awareness Week

    This year's Rabbit Awareness Week (RAW) campaign will take place as a virtual festival from 10 to 23 August, and veterinary practices are now able to download free packs from the RAW website (www.rabbitawarenessweek.co.uk/download-a-raw-pack-for-vets) to help vets engage with rabbit owners online.

    These packs include all of the information vets and vet nurses would need to host their own online events, including guides to making video content and how to engage with rabbit owners online.

    Practices are encouraged to register any events they are planning on the RAW website to make them discoverable to rabbit owners in their area.

    Where physical appointments and procedures are necessary, this year’s RAW packs have been expanded to include a guide for veterinary surgeons created by Richard Saunders, veterinary adviser to the Rabbit Welfare Association and Fund. This guide includes information on neutering, vaccination, preventive healthcare and dentistry....

    Categories: Journal news

    Falling resistance in E coli isolated from broilers in the UK

    Antimicrobial resistance remains a significant concern for both human and animal populations.

    Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) enzymes confer resistance to most beta-lactam antibiotics. In the UK, the types of ESBL enzyme most frequently reported from human Escherichia coli isolates are CTX-M-15, CTX-M-14 and closely related types, whereas CTX-M-1 was predominant in a survey of E coli from broilers in Great Britain in 2008.1

    Recent papers suggest that there is significant clonal difference in those ESBL-producing E coli common in poultry and those found in people, and therefore the role of poultry and poultry meat in the transfer of ESBLs to people is less important than other sources.2, 3

    EU Directive 2003/99/EC requires mandatory testing of broiler flocks for the presence of ESBL/AmpC beta-lactamases (AmpC)-producing E coli, and Europe-wide surveys have been conducted in 2016 and 2018 and will again be carried out in 2020....

    Categories: Journal news

    Noreen Dale Lewis

    Lewis On 6 July 2020, Noreen Dale Lewis (nee Clark), BSc, DVR, MRCVS, of Loughborough, Leicestershire. Ms Lewis qualified from Edinburgh in 1956.

    doi: 10.1136/vr.m2905

    Categories: Journal news

    Thomas Michael McHugh

    McHugh On 23 June 2020, Thomas Michael McHugh, BVM&S, MRCVS, of Zeal Monachorum, Devon. Mr McHugh qualified from Edinburgh in 1956.

    doi: 10.1136/vr.m2906

    Categories: Journal news
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