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Does manuka honey improve the speed of wound healingin dogs?

Bottom line

  • There is currently no published peer-reviewed evidence comparing the rate of healing of acute superficial wounds in dogs managed with and without medical-grade manuka honey. Therefore, the choice of wound management strategy should be based on other forms of evidence, such as expert opinion and narrative reviews.

  • Clinical scenario

    Henry, a two-year-old Labrador retriever, has been involved in a road traffic accident in which he partially degloved his distal right forelimb. You think you can repair some of the damage with surgery, but know that some areas will have to heal by secondary intention. You’ve recently been on a continuing professional development course about wounds that recommended applying manuka honey to aid wound healing. You wonder whether adding medical-grade manuka honey to your usual dressing protocol would improve the rate of healing.

    The question

    In [dogs with acute superficial wounds] does using [a...

    Categories: Journal news

    Selected highlights from other journals

    Do dairy calves exhibit empathic responses to pain?

    T Ede, MAG von Keyserlingk, DM Weary

    PLoS ONE (2020) 15

    doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0232897

    • What did the research find?

    Observer calves spent more time near calves recovering from hot-iron disbudding than near calves that underwent a sham procedure (P=0.05). They also paid more attention to the disbudded calves than to those in the sham group (P=0.01). When the observer calves were returned to the same pens 48 hours later, they spent less time in the pen associated with the disbudded calves than that associated with the sham group. However, this difference was not statistically significant.

    • How was it conducted?

    A total of 36 calves were divided into groups of three. One calf in each group was designated as the observer and witnessed the other two calves recover from either a painful procedure (hot-iron disbudding and sedation) or a sham procedure...

    Categories: Journal news

    Is it time to stand united? British Cattle Veterinary Association (BCVA)

    Vet Record 27 June/4 July 2020 (vol 186, pp 649-650), we published a letter calling for a more united approach from the BVA and its specialist divisions, along with a response from the BVA. We invited all the BVA specialist divisions to comment and will publish all the responses received.

    While BCVA welcomes the opportunity to reflect on the structure of the profession, we feel the anonymous letter does not accurately reflect the role of the species representative bodies.

    As one of nearly 20 specialist groups within the BVA, BCVA’s role is to represent veterinary surgeons working with cattle, either as a part or the entirety of their professional role. We are not merely a ‘subdivision’, but a respected association in our own right. Our key focus is to support cattle vets across an increasingly diverse range of topics, to respond to an ever-changing landscape, while also providing...

    Categories: Journal news

    Is it time to stand united? British equine Veterinary Association (BEVA) and British small animal Veterinary Association (BSAVA)

    We agree that it is essential for all the veterinary associations to work collaboratively for the good of the profession, and that the BVA has an important role in harmonising veterinary policy and cross-professional initiatives.

    Although it is by no means perfect, the current system of operation provides a framework for pan-professional coordination where necessary, while simultaneously allowing flexibility for specialist associations to operate and deliver on expectations specific to their members and the industries that their members serve.

    It also enables associations to bring their individual areas of expertise and insights to the table and engage and challenge each other constructively, providing the potential for an in-built mechanism of checks and balances.

    During the pandemic it has been undoubtedly difficult to meet the diverse needs of a rapidly evolving and increasingly complex veterinary landscape and a post-pandemic review will provide an opportunity for everyone to learn important lessons.

    Categories: Journal news

    Is it time to stand united? British Veterinary Poultry Association (BVPA)

    Over a number of recent years the BVPA and BVA have worked hard together to develop a strong, collaborative and positive relationship, and we have seen this only further cemented over recent months as we have all been faced with the unprecedented challenges of the Covid-19 pandemic.

    As one of the smaller parts of the veterinary profession we also see the need for a distinct species-based division that can both support the professional development of our members, and provide relevant advice and expertise on the poultry sector to the BVA, other BVA divisions, vet schools, government and other stakeholders.

    We also welcome the positive collaboration and representation in working groups such as the welfare at slaughter working group.

    This has been an excellent example of progressing and developing policy on a complex subject, with the combined voices and expertise from the BVPA as a division working closely with the...

    Categories: Journal news

    Is it time to stand united? Fish Veterinary Society (FVS)

    While agreeing with the sentiment expressed in the anonymous letter, the FVS recognises the complications involved in changing the status quo.

    FVS started as an information-sharing support group for fish vets and remains that at heart, even after becoming a specialist division of the BVA. We have members from outside the UK and, as fish are not covered by the Veterinary Surgeons Act, early on in our existence we admitted non-veterinary fish health professionals as associate members. They and a large number of our UK veterinary members are not members of the BVA.

    However, we do believe that we have an excellent relationship with the BVA. This includes joint officers’ meetings but is largely based around considerable digital communication. We are pleased that the BVA now invariably consults FVS on fish-related topics and are glad to have the clout of the BVA brought to bear when lobbying on fish...

    Categories: Journal news

    Is it time to stand united? Goat veterinary society (GVS)

    We read the anonymous letter with more than a little surprise.

    As one of the smaller BVA specialist divisions we have been pleased by the leadership shown by the current BVA officer team during the coronavirus pandemic but also more widely with respect to its continued ability to handle and respond to the many other important issues which the profession currently faces.

    With only just over 200 veterinary members, we might have anticipated our interests and views would be overlooked in the face of a pandemic given the urgent need for the BVA to provide advice and guidance to the profession facing a time of unprecedented change. Instead, and despite the BVA having to adapt to remote forms of working at the same time, our experience was one of inclusivity and a real atmosphere of standing together, even to the extent of putting aside a ‘membership only’ approach in...

    Categories: Journal news

    Is it time to stand united? Laboratory Animal Veterinary Association (LAVA)

    LAVA council believes that there have been significant improvements in communication and joint working between the various divisions and the BVA over the past few years and that there have been huge efforts at inclusiveness and collaboration between all areas of the profession during the Covid-19 pandemic. We support that this should continue and be built on.

    However, as one of the smallest specialist divisions, LAVA understands that most issues that are of significance to our members are very specialised, with limited importance or interest to the majority of vets. We therefore support the need for specialist divisions which have the necessary expertise to deal with individual aspects of the profession’s wide remit. To try to represent the breadth of the profession’s responsibilities via a single centralised body would, in our opinion, be impossible and risk losing the benefits of involving the correct expertise in decision making from those...

    Categories: Journal news

    Is it time to stand united? Society of Practising Veterinary Surgeons (SPVS)

    SPVS recognises the value of the veterinary societies working collaboratively in support of the profession. The capacity for this to turn into swift collective and pertinent action has been exemplified with the advent of Covid-19.

    After any major event it is good leadership for any organisation to review actions taken, and to reflect on whether the structure and working systems match the needs of its members, service users and audience. The pace of change of the working environment also requires an ongoing eye on the future. SPVS continues to be open to dialogue with other veterinary societies on how we carry on working with our colleagues now, and in the future, for the good of the profession and animal welfare.

    Categories: Journal news

    Aerosols in meat plants as possible cause of Covid-19 spread

    Between March and June 2020, a series of outbreaks of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) occurred in meat factories extending from Europe to North America, including those in the USA, Canada, Germany, France, Spain and the UK.

    Many hundreds of workers were affected in an outbreak at Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA, and at Tonnies, near Gütersloh, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, as well as near High River, Alberta, Canada. In a meat factory in Anglesey, Wales, more than 150 workers were affected.

    Various reasons have been proposed for the outbreaks, including the crowded working conditions, the cold working environment, workers not wearing masks properly or not at all, and the need for workers to talk loudly over the background noise of machinery. Most experts and commentators seem to be baffled and have spoken about the need for further investigations.

    While those factors may have been involved there are certain practices within such facilities...

    Categories: Journal news

    Possible vertical transmission of Leishmania in a dog

    Esccap UK & Ireland has been alerted to a further case of leishmaniosis in a dog that had not travelled outside of the UK.

    A seven-year-old male neutered husky was brought to Westway veterinary practice in Consett, County Durham, two days after being rehomed by Siberian Husky rescue. It was in good body condition, but a focal patch of dermatitis had been noticed on the fourth digit of the left forelimb. Two discharging tracts were present in the digit with associated swelling.

    The dog was treated with amoxicillin/clavulanate and meloxicam and the lesion subsequently resolved. Two weeks after the initial presentation two further bleeding swollen lesions developed on the fifth digits of both hindlegs. These responded to topical treatment (betamethasone and fusidic acid) and a repeated course of antibiotics. The right lesion healed quickly but the left took longer to resolve. The lesion was biopsied as a precaution and...

    Categories: Journal news

    We must call for high standards on food imports

    Despite widespread lobbying from environmental, farming and animal welfare groups, the Agriculture Bill passed through parliament unamended. Crucially, the Parish amendment, requiring new international treaties on the import of agricultural and food products to comply with World Trade Organization safety rules and the UK’s own standards, did not pass.

    The Financial Times reported in May that ‘the Department for International Trade was preparing to offer a "big concession package" to US negotiators in the coming months that would reduce the cost of some agricultural imports to unlock a trade deal with Washington’.1

    Consequently, over one million people have signed the NFU petition calling on the government not to import food that would be illegal here, and Minette Batters, president of the NFU has been in talks with the international trade secretary, Liz Truss.

    On 9 June, Truss promised ‘any trade deal must not compromise on our high...

    Categories: Journal news

    We must call for high standards on food imports

    While our attentions are quite rightly focused on the Covid-19 pandemic, it is possible that other changes are occurring that will also have long-term effects on the future of the UK.

    Looking at the trade talks happening following our leaving the EU, it is becoming increasing apparent that farm animal production may be a major casualty of any subsequent overall agreement involving the USA and possibly other countries. It seems to me that farm animals and the high health and welfare standards in place in the UK may be sacrificed in trade arrangements, just as fishing was a major casualty of the negotiations allowing the UK entry to the European Economic Community in 1973.

    Over many years those involved in farming livestock have had to deal with many issues from unsympathetic politicians.

    I trust that the BVA is giving all the support that it can to the farming organisations....

    Categories: Journal news

    Support for veterinary landlords

    Myself and others are setting up a group for those who are landlords of veterinary premises. These would mostly be rented to corporate veterinary firms or private practices.

    The immediate need is to discuss any changes due to the Covid-19 pandemic, with many of us aiming to cooperate with tenants to produce a mutually beneficial outcome.

    The aim of the group is to share information and give mutual support. For example, to support a landlord who is being unfairly treated, or identify an organisation that may be treating all its landlords unfairly.

    The plan is to communicate electronically.

    If you would like to join or would like more information, please email vetlandlords@gmail.com

    Categories: Journal news

    Death notices

    Arthur In October 2019, Thomas William Arthur, BVetMed, MRCVS, of Edinburgh. Mr Arthur qualified from Edinburgh in 2015.

    doi: 10.1136/vr.m2707

    Baxter On 23 May 2019, Lindsay Ceylin Baxter, BVSc, MSc, MRCVS, of London. Ms Baxter qualified from Bristol in 2016.

    doi: 10.1136/vr.m2708

    Categories: Journal news

    How working in my practice has changed

    As a society, we were already moving towards digital transformation, but Covid-19 has catapulted us years ahead.

    Businesses have now realised that they don’t have to fly long haul just to have a face-to-face meeting with their international colleagues. Industries that previously prohibited working from home, from bankers to personal trainers, are now able to work just as efficiently from their front rooms or bedrooms, and we have learnt that we can have quite meaningful connections with each other online, when used in the right way.

    To do clinical work, we still need to be in the practice – we haven’t figured out a virtual solution to that just yet!

    Many vets are also rapidly turning towards the use of remote technology. Telemedicine – despite earlier controversy surrounding its use – is now in full swing, and veterinary conferences and CPD courses have gone virtual. However, to do...

    Categories: Journal news

    Is it ethical to continue to race horses?

    In 2006 nine horses died at the Cheltenham Festival, prompting significant questioning of the ethics of horse racing. After that event, Animal Aid launched a website www.horsedeathwatch.com, documenting deaths at racetracks with details of the racecourse at the time of the race and the cause of death.

    Reading the most recent page of horse deaths is grim

    Reading the most recent page is grim: ‘Clipped heels and fell – fatally injured. Fell – dead. Fell – broke neck – dead. Broke fetlock – destroyed. Fell – injured – destroyed. Fatally injured while running loose. Injured foreleg – destroyed. Fell – broke neck – dead.’

    If the horses were euthanased painlessly, you might argue that death is not a welfare issue. But does the list suggest that? Some might argue, no.

    Sadly the horses listed on the website are just the tip of the iceberg, since injuries in training...

    Categories: Journal news

    Using cytology to identify skin diseases

    Reviewed by Zoe Miller, a resident in clinical pathology at the Royal Veterinary College.

    Categories: Journal news

    James Morley Booth

    Having gained clinical experience in practice, James joined the Milk Marketing Board where his passion for mastitis control and dairy health helped to improve milk quality.

    Categories: Journal news

    Getting the voice of vets heard at all levels of government in the UK

    Despite the coronavirus lockdown, BVA has continued to lobby politicians across the UK, as Mandy Ryan, head of media and public affairs, explains.

    Categories: Journal news
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