Ethiopia

Gastrointestinal parasites of working donkeys in Ethiopia

Citation

Mulugeta Getachew, Feseha Gebreab, Andrew F. Trawford, Stuart W. Reid. January 2010. Gastrointestinal parasites of working donkeys in Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 4:1. 1-13.

Authors
Publication details
Publication date: 
1 January 2010
Volume: 
4
Issue: 
1
Page numbers: 
1-13
DOI number: 
10.1007/s11250-009-9381-0
Abstract

The general prevalence and population composition of gastrointestinal and pulmonary helminths of working donkeys were studied. For the purpose 2935 working donkeys were coprologically examined for nematode and cestode, and 215 donkeys for trematode infections. Seven donkeys that died due to various health problems or were euthanased on a welfare ground were necropsied and the parasites were recovered and identified to the species level. The study was conducted during the periods 1996-1999.

Coprological examination revealed 99% strongyle, 80% Fasciola, 51% Parascaris, 30% Gastrodiscus, 11% Strongyloides westeri, 8% cestodes and 2% Oxyuris equi infection prevalence. Over 55% of donkeys had more than 1000 eggs per gram of faeces (epg). Forty two different species of parasites consisting of 33 nematodes, 3 trematodes, 3 cestodes and 3 arthropod larvae were identified from postmortem examined donkeys. Among the nematodes 17 species of Cyathostominae and 7 species of Strongylinae were identified. Other parasites identified include, Habronema muscae, Draschia megastoma, Trichostrongylus axei, Strongyloides westeri, Anoplocephala perfoliata, Anoplocephala magna, Anoplocephaloides (Paranoplocephala) mamillana, Parascaris equorum, Fasciola hepatica, Fasciola gigantica, Gastrodiscus aegyptiacus, Dictyocaulus arnfieldi, Oxyuris equi, Probstmayria vivipara, Gasterophilus intestinalis, Gasterophilus nasalis, Rhinoestrus uzbekistanicus and Setaria equina. This study revealed that working donkeys in Ethiopia are infected with a range of helminths and arthropod larvae, which are representatives of the important pathogenic parasites found in equids worldwide.

Online references

Aerobic bacterial isolates in equids and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern

Citation

A. Biruhtesfa, A. Yilkal, E. Bojia, G. Ayele, Mulugeta Getachew. January 2007. Aerobic bacterial isolates in equids and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern. International Journal of Applied Research in Veterinary Medicine. 5:3. 107-112.

Authors
Publication details
Publication date: 
1 January 2007
Volume: 
5
Issue: 
3
Page numbers: 
107-112
DOI number: 
N/A
Online references

Hyena bite: A potential threat to the lives of working donkeys in central Ethiopia

Citation

Mersha Tesfaye, Feseha Gebreab, E. Bojia, Alemayehu Fanta, G. Ayele, B. Amare, N. Dereje, C. Chala, A. Abebe, Joe Anzuino, Andrew F. Trawford, Mulugeta Getachew. 29 October 2006. Hyena bite: A potential threat to the lives of working donkeys in central Ethiopia. Presented at 5th International Colloquium on Working Equines. (30 October - 2 November 2006). Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 5.244-249.

Authors
Presentation details
Date presented: 
Sunday 29 October 2006
Proceedings
Volume: 
5
Number of pages: 
244-249
Publisher: 
The Donkey Sanctuary
Publication date: 
29 October 2006

The strongyle nematodes of working donkeys from Ethiopia

Citation

Tetyana K. Kuzmina, Victor A. Kharchencko, Mulugeta Getachew. 20 August 2007. The strongyle nematodes of working donkeys from Ethiopia. Presented at 21st International Conference of the Worldwide Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology. (19 August - 23 August 2007). Ghent, Belgium. 21.380.

Authors
Presentation details
Date presented: 
Monday 20 August 2007
Proceedings
Volume: 
21
Number of pages: 
380

A sero-epidemiological study of equine tapeworm, A. perfoliata, in donkeys in Ethiopia

Citation

Mulugeta Getachew, Giles T. Innocent, Andrew F. Trawford, Feseha Gebreab, Stuart W. Reid, Sandy Love. 22 January 2006. A sero-epidemiological study of equine tapeworm, A. perfoliata, in donkeys in Ethiopia. Presented at 9th Congress of the World Equine Veterinary Association. (22 January - 26 January 2006). Marrakech, Morocco. 9.263.

Authors
Presentation details
Date presented: 
Sunday 22 January 2006
Proceedings
Volume: 
9
Number of pages: 
263

Control of equine cyathostomins under the mid-lowland tropical weather condition of Ethiopia: a mathematical modelling approach

Citation

Mulugeta Getachew, Andrew F. Trawford, Feseha Gebreab, Stuart W. Reid, Sandy Love, Giles T. Innocent. 29 October 2006. Control of equine cyathostomins under the mid-lowland tropical weather condition of Ethiopia: a mathematical modelling approach. Presented at 5th International Colloquium on Working Equines. (30 October - 2 November 2006). Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 5.96-109.

Authors
Presentation details
Date presented: 
Sunday 29 October 2006
Proceedings
Volume: 
5
Number of pages: 
96-109
Publisher: 
The Donkey Sanctuary
Publication date: 
29 October 2006

Principal health problems of donkeys in Dugda Bora district of Ethiopia

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Citation

G. Ayele, Feseha Gebreab, E. Bojia, Mulugeta Getachew, Alemayehu Fanta, Mersha Tesfaye, B. Amare, N. Dereje, C. Chala, A. Asefa, Joe Anzuino, Andrew F. Trawford. 29 November 2006. Principal health problems of donkeys in Dugda Bora district of Ethiopia. Presented at 5th International Colloquium on Working Equines. (30 October - 2 November 2006). Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 5.7.

Authors
Presentation details
Date presented: 
Wednesday 29 November 2006
Proceedings
Volume: 
5
Number of pages: 
7
Publisher: 
The Donkey Sanctuary
Publication date: 
29 November 2006

Sarcoids: Clinical epidemiology, principal effects and treatment responses

Citation

G. Ayele, Feseha Gebreab, E. Bojia, Mulugeta Getachew, Alemayehu Fanta, Mersha Tesfaye, B. Amare, N. Dereje, C. Chala, A. Asefa, Joe Anzuino, Andrew F. Trawford. 29 November 2006. Sarcoids: Clinical epidemiology, principal effects and treatment responses. Presented at 5th International Colloquium on Working Equines. (30 October - 2 November 2006). Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 5.

Authors
Presentation details
Date presented: 
Wednesday 29 November 2006
Proceedings
Volume: 
5
Publisher: 
The Donkey Sanctuary
Publication date: 
29 November 2006

Gasterophilosis: a major cause of rectal prolapse in working donkeys in Ethiopia

Citation

Mulugeta Getachew, Giles T. Innocent, Andrew F. Trawford, Stuart W. Reid, Sandy Love. August 2011. Gasterophilosis: a major cause of rectal prolapse in working donkeys in Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production.

Authors
Publication details
Publication date: 
27 August 2011
DOI number: 
10.1007/s11250-011-9961-7
Abstract

A retrospective study was conducted to investigate the cause of rectal prolapse in working donkeys in Ethiopia. Analysis of data on rectal prolapse cases obtained from the Donkey Health and Welfare Project clinic at the School of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University, from 1995 to 2004 revealed that 83.6% (n=177) of the cases were associated with Gasterophilus nasalis. The rest 10.7% and 5.7% were associated with work-related (overloading) cause and diarrhoea, respectively. The mean and median numbers of G. nasalis recovered from the rectum of infected donkeys were 66 and 64, respectively, with a range of 2–195. Over 100 G. nasalis larvae were recovered from the rectum of 22% of the donkeys. Circular demarcated ulcer-like and deep circumferential pits or ring-like mucosal lesions were found at the larval attachment sites. G. nasalis infection and the associated rectal prolapse were observed year round. However, the intensity of rectal larval infection and incidence of rectal prolapse were significantly higher
during the rainy season (P<0.01). Age and sex of the donkeys had no significant effect on the intensity of rectal larval infection and incidence of rectal prolapse (P>0.05).

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