sero-epidemiological study

Equine cestodosis: A sero-epidemiological study of Anoplocephala perfoliata infection in Ethiopia

Citation

Mulugeta Getachew, Giles T. Innocent, Christopher Proudman, Andrew F. Trawford, Feseha Gebreab, Stuart W. Reid, Faith A. Burden, Sandy Love. February 2012. Equine cestodosis: A sero-epidemiological study of Anoplocephala perfoliata infection in Ethiopia. Veterinary Research Communications.

Authors
Publication details
Publication date: 
4 February 2012
DOI number: 
10.1007/s11259-012-9516-z
Abstract

A 12/13 kDa antigen, tapeworm ELISA test, developed for use in horses, was used to detect parasite-specific serum antibody, IgG(T), in the serum of donkeys. In a pilot study the 12/13 kDa antigen was tested and proved to detect the antibody, IgG(T), in donkey sera. Blood samples from 797 donkeys, naturally exposed to cestode infection, from four geographical localities were collected and sera were prepared and analysed. There was substantial serological evidence that donkeys were potentially infected with A. perfoliata. A range of ELISA OD values were obtained from the serological assay. Over 26% and 7.5% of the donkeys were moderately and highly infected, respectively, showing at least a 34% sero-prevalence. The rest, 66.1%, were either with low infection intensity or negative for A. perfoliata infection. The risk of infections, both in sero-prevalence and intensity, as determined by ELISA optical density (OD), were highest in the highland areas of Ethiopia where pastures are low-lying and wet, and permanent pasture management is regularly practised. Sex, age and body condition of the donkeys had no significant effect either on prevalence of the infection or on the serum antibody level. These results indicate a risk of intestinal disorders, particularly, colic, associated with A. perfoliata infection in donkeys.

Online references

A sero-epidemiological study of equine tapeworm, A. perfoliata, in donkeys in Ethiopia

Citation

Mulugeta Getachew, Giles T. Innocent, Andrew F. Trawford, Feseha Gebreab, Stuart W. Reid, Sandy Love. A sero-epidemiological study of equine tapeworm, A. perfoliata, in donkeys in Ethiopia. Presented at 9th Congress of the World Equine Veterinary Association. (22 January - 26 January 2006). Marrakech, Morocco. 9.263.

Authors
Presentation details
Date presented: 
Sunday 22 January 2006
Proceedings
Volume: 
9
Number of pages: 
263
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