working equine

Feeding working donkeys in Mexico: Success in simplicity

Citation

Faith A. Burden, Andrew F. Trawford. December 2010. Feeding working donkeys in Mexico: Success in simplicity. Presented at 5th European Workshop on Equine Nutrition. (19 September - 22 September 2010). Cirencester, UK. 128.336.

Authors
Presentation details
Date presented: 
Monday 20 September 2010
Proceedings
Volume: 
128
Number of pages: 
336
ISBN (13-digit): 
978-90-8686-155-2
Publication date: 
31 December 2010

Parasites and their control in working donkeys: The need to deworm and frequency of anthelmintic treatment

Citation

Mulugeta Getachew, Faith A. Burden, Andrew F. Trawford. December 2010. Parasites and their control in working donkeys: The need to deworm and frequency of anthelmintic treatment. Presented at 6th International Colloquium on Working Equids. (29 November - 2 December 2010). New Delhi, India. 407.

Authors
Presentation details
Date presented: 
Monday 29 November 2010
Proceedings
Number of pages: 
407
Publisher: 
The Brooke
Publication date: 
31 December 2010

Community development as a mode of improving the welfare of working equines: Sharing experiences from Kenya

Citation

Walter O. Okello, J. Ojwang, Soloman Onyango. December 2010. Community development as a mode of improving the welfare of working equines: Sharing experiences from Kenya. Presented at 6th International Colloquium on Working Equids. (29 November - 2 December 2010). New Delhi, India. 407.

Authors
Presentation details
Date presented: 
Monday 29 November 2010
Proceedings
Number of pages: 
407
Publisher: 
The Brooke
Publication date: 
31 December 2010

The impact of farmers' agents in improving donkey welfare in two districts of working sites of The Donkey Sanctuary Ethiopia - Tigray Programme

Citation
Authors
Presentation details
Date presented: 
Monday 29 November 2010
Proceedings
Number of pages: 
407
Publisher: 
The Brooke
Publication date: 
31 December 2010

Comparison of different working equine communities: Their animal welfare and socio-economic status in Gwalior, India

Citation

Ramesh Suresh Kumar, Rajesh Tomar, Ramesh Kumar, Surajit Nath, Ganesh Murugan, Saroja Ramesh. December 2010. Comparison of different working equine communities: Their animal welfare and socio-economic status in Gwalior, India. Presented at 6th International Colloquium on Working Equids. (29 November - 2 December 2010). New Delhi, India. 407.

Authors
Presentation details
Date presented: 
Monday 29 November 2010
Proceedings
Number of pages: 
407
Publication date: 
31 December 2010

Donkey welfare internationally - current research

Citation

Faith A. Burden. Donkey welfare internationally - current research. Presented at British Equine Veterinary Association Congress 2011. (7 September - 10 September 2011). Liverpool, UK.

Authors
Presentation details
Date presented: 
Friday 9 September 2011

Clinical dental findings in 203 working donkeys in Mexico

Citation

Nicole du Toit, Faith A. Burden, Padraic M. Dixon. December 2008. Clinical dental findings in 203 working donkeys in Mexico. The Veterinary Journal. 178:3. 380-386.

Authors
Publication details
Publication date: 
1 December 2008
Volume: 
178
Issue: 
3
Page numbers: 
380-386
Abstract

Clinical dental examinations of 203 unsedated working donkeys in tropical and temperate climatic areas in Mexico revealed a high prevalence (62%) of dental disease with sharp enamel points present in 98% of the animals. More significant dental disorders (diastemata, 4%; overgrown teeth, 18%; worn teeth, 16%; missing teeth, 0.5%; displaced teeth, 1.5%; fractured teeth, 2%) with welfare implications that required immediate treatment were also present in 18% of donkeys. The high prevalence of buccal ulcers (14.3%) and calluses (13.3%) present in this population was believed to be due to the high prevalence of sharp enamel points in conjunction with the use of tight nose bands and head collars. Dental disease was significantly associated with age groups, but not with body condition score or to the climatic area where the donkeys lived. As part of more general examinations, 81% of donkeys that had faecal egg counts performed, had parasite burdens which mainly showed a moderate level of infection. This study concluded that dental disease is a welfare concern in working donkeys in Mexico.

A survey of seasonal patterns in strongyle faecal worm egg counts of working equids of the Central Midlands and Lowlands, Ethiopia

Citation

Mulugeta Getachew, Feseha Gebreab, Andrew F. Trawford, Stuart W. Reid. December 2008. A survey of seasonal patterns in strongyle faecal worm egg counts of working equids of the Central Midlands and Lowlands, Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 40:8. 637-642.

Authors
Publication details
Publication date: 
1 December 2008
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
8
Page numbers: 
637-642
DOI number: 
10.1007/s11250-008-9142-5
Abstract

A study was conducted for two consecutive years (1998-1999) to determine the seasonal patterns of strongyle infection in working donkeys of Ethiopia. For the purpose 2385 donkeys from midland and lowland areas were examined for the presence of parasitic ova. A hundred percent prevalence of strongyle infection with similar seasonal pattern of strongyle faecal worm egg output was obtained in all study areas. However, seasonal variations in the number of strongyle faecal worm egg output were observed in all areas. The highest mean faecal worm egg outputs were recorded during the main rainy season (June to October) in both years in all areas. Although an increase in the mean strongyle faecal egg output was obtained in the short rainy season (March-April) followed by a drop in the short dry season (May), there was no statistically significant difference between the short rainy season and long dry season (Nov-Feb) (P > 0.05). A statistically significant difference however, was obtained between the main rainy season and short rainy season, and between the main rainy season and dry season (P < 0.05). Based on the results obtained it is suggested that the most economical and effective control of strongyles can be achieved by strategic deworming programme during the hot dry pre-main rainy season (May), when the herbage coverage is scarce and helminthologically 'sterile', and the arrested development of the parasites is suppose to be terminating. This could insure the greatest proportion of the existing worm population to be exposed to anthelmintic and also reduces pasture contamination and further infection in the subsequent wet season.

Online references

Selected health and management issues facing working donkeys presented for veterinary treatment in Rural Mexico: Some possible risk factors and potential intervention strategies

Citation

Faith A. Burden, Nicole du Toit, Mariano Hernandez-Gil, Omar Prado-Ortiz, Andrew F. Trawford. April 2010. Selected health and management issues facing working donkeys presented for veterinary treatment in Rural Mexico: Some possible risk factors and potential intervention strategies. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 42:4. 597-605.

Authors
Publication details
Publication date: 
1 April 2010
Volume: 
42
Issue: 
4
Page numbers: 
597-605
DOI number: 
10.1007/s11250-009-9462-0
Abstract

The examination of 216 donkeys presented for treatment at the Donkey Sanctuary-World Horse Welfare-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico mobile clinics revealed a number of health and welfare problems. A general overview of the donkeys' health was made and showed that the median body condition score (BCS) in this population was 2.5. Underweight animals only accounted for 26% of the population. Females, 0-5-year-olds and >21-year-olds, were more likely to be underweight. When analysed, there was no correlation between faecal worm egg count (FEC) and BCS. The prevalence of strongyle infection as assessed by FEC was shown to be 80% with a median FEC of 600 eggs per gramme. Donkeys were assessed for body lesions and showed a high prevalence (71%), particularly in the facial region (54%). Analysis showed that mature animals (6-15 years old) were at increased risk of body lesions compared to older animals (16+ years old) as were donkeys with dental disease and those in particular villages. Risk factor analysis for lesions of the face showed that stallions and geldings are at increased risk as were donkeys wearing halters made from nylon rope. This study has identified areas for further investigation and potential areas where targeted interventions may be made to improve the health and welfare of working donkeys in Mexico.

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